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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The Cognitive and Behavioral Characteristics of Children With Low Working Memory
Author(s): Alloway, Tracy Packiam
Gathercole, Susan E
Kirkwood, Hannah J
Elliott, Julian G
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Keywords: working memory
Short-term memory
Memory in children
Attention in children
Issue Date: Apr-2009
Date Deposited: 23-Mar-2009
Citation: Alloway TP, Gathercole SE, Kirkwood HJ & Elliott JG (2009) The Cognitive and Behavioral Characteristics of Children With Low Working Memory. Child Development, 80 (2), pp. 606-621.;
Abstract: This study explored the cognitive and behavioral profiles of children with working memory impairments. In an initial screening of 3,189 5–11-year-olds, 308 were identified as having very low working memory scores. Cognitive skills (IQ, vocabulary, reading, and math), classroom behavior, and self-esteem were assessed. The majority of the children struggled in the learning measures and verbal ability. They also obtained atypically high ratings of cognitive problems ⁄ inattentive symptoms, and were judged to have short attention spans, high levels of distractibility, problems in monitoring the quality of their work, and difficulties in generating new solutions to problems. These data provide rich new information on the cognitive and behavioral profiles that characterize children with low working memory.
DOI Link: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2009.01282.x
Rights: Published in Child Development. Copyright: Blackwell Publishing. The definitive version will be available at

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