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|Appears in Collections:||Psychology Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status: ||Refereed|
|Title: ||Type D personality and cardiac output in response to stress|
|Author(s): ||Williams, Lynn|
|Contact Email: ||firstname.lastname@example.org|
Type D personality
|Issue Date: ||Jun-2009|
|Publisher: ||Taylor and Francis|
|Citation: ||Williams L, O'Carroll R & O'Connor R (2009) Type D personality and cardiac output in response to stress, Psychology and Health, 24 (5), pp. 489-500.|
|Abstract: ||Type D personality is predictive of adverse clinical outcome and psychological distress in cardiac patients. However, the mechanisms by which Type D affects health are largely unknown. This study (1) investigated the relationship between Type D and cardiovascular reactivity to experimentally induced stress and (2) tested the influence of Type D on subjective feelings of stress. Eighty four healthy young adults (50% males, mean (SD) age 22 (6.84) years), completed measures of Type D personality, stress arousal and a stress-inducing procedure involving a taxing mental arithmetic task. Cardiovascular measures were recorded throughout the experiment. Mixed measures ANOVA showed a significant main effect of Type D and a significant group by time effect of Type D on cardiac output in male participants. Type D males exhibit significantly higher cardiac output during the stressor phase compared to non-Type D males. However, there was no relationship between Type D and cardiovascular reactivity in females. In addition, Type D individuals exhibited significantly higher feelings of subjective stress compared to non-Type D's. These findings provide new evidence on Type D and suggest that Type D may affect health through increased cardiac output and higher subjective feelings of stress following acute stress.|
|Type: ||Journal Article|
|DOI Link: ||http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08870440701885616|
|Rights: ||The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.|
|Affiliation: ||University of Stirling|
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