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Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Edwardsiella ictaluri: A systemic review and future perspectives on disease management
Author(s): Machimbirike, Vimbai Irene
Crumlish, Margaret
Dong, Ha Thanh
Santander, Javier
Khunrae, Pongsak
Rattanarojpong, Triwit
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Keywords: control strategies
Edwardsiella ictaluri
Issue Date: Jun-2022
Date Deposited: 25-Apr-2022
Citation: Machimbirike VI, Crumlish M, Dong HT, Santander J, Khunrae P & Rattanarojpong T (2022) Edwardsiella ictaluri: A systemic review and future perspectives on disease management. Reviews in Aquaculture, 14 (3), pp. 1613-1636.
Abstract: Edwardsiella ictaluri, a non-zoonotic Gram-negative bacterium, has been known to science for more than 4 decades. It was reported for the first time in 1979 in Ictalurus punctatus in the USA and later in Pangasianodon hypophthalmus and Pelteobagrus fulvidraco in Asia. Even though catfish species are more susceptible to E. ictaluri, other fish species are also affected, and up to 44 fish species in four continents are known to be susceptible. The diseases caused by E. ictaluri are known as enteric septicaemia of catfish (ESC) in channel catfish, bacillary necrosis of pangasius (BNP) in striped catfish, red head disease in yellow catfish and edwardsiellosis in tilapia. Outbreaks caused by E. ictaluri can cause up to 100% mortality resulting in substantive economic losses to the industry, threatening food security and undermining sustainability. Although efforts have been made to prevent and control this pathogen using vaccines, antibiotics, disease resistance selective breeding, functional feed ingredients, prebiotics and probiotics, and biosecurity measures, E. ictaluri is still causing health issues in different countries. Here, we provided with a comprehensive review that addressed the current knowledge of E. ictaluri bacteriological characteristics, epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, control and management. Furthermore, we also provided the future perspectives based on advanced technologies and biosecurity management in aquaculture to assist pathogen control and/or eradication.
DOI Link: 10.1111/raq.12665
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Machimbirike, VI, Crumlish, M, Dong, HT, Santander, J, Khunrae, P, Rattanarojpong, T. Edwardsiella ictaluri: A systemic review and future perspectives on disease management. Revies in Aquaculture 2022; 14: 1613-1636, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.
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