Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/30269
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Audio-visual synchrony and spatial attention enhance processing of dynamic visual stimulation independently and in parallel: A frequency-tagging study
Author(s): Covic, Amra
Keitel, Christian
Porcu, Emanuele
Schröger, Erich
Müller, Matthias M
Keywords: Spatial attention
Selective attention
Multisensory integration
Audio-visual synchrony
Brain oscillation
Neural rhythm
Steady-state response (SSR)
EEG
Brain-computer interface (BCI)
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2017
Citation: Covic A, Keitel C, Porcu E, Schröger E & Müller MM (2017) Audio-visual synchrony and spatial attention enhance processing of dynamic visual stimulation independently and in parallel: A frequency-tagging study. NeuroImage, 161, pp. 32-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.08.022
Abstract: The neural processing of a visual stimulus can be facilitated by attending to its position or by a co-occurring auditory tone. Using frequency-tagging, we investigated whether facilitation by spatial attention and audio-visual synchrony rely on similar neural processes. Participants attended to one of two flickering Gabor patches (14.17 and 17 Hz) located in opposite lower visual fields. Gabor patches further “pulsed” (i.e. showed smooth spatial frequency variations) at distinct rates (3.14 and 3.63 Hz). Frequency-modulating an auditory stimulus at the pulse-rate of one of the visual stimuli established audio-visual synchrony. Flicker and pulsed stimulation elicited stimulus-locked rhythmic electrophysiological brain responses that allowed tracking the neural processing of simultaneously presented Gabor patches. These steady-state responses (SSRs) were quantified in the spectral domain to examine visual stimulus processing under conditions of synchronous vs. asynchronous tone presentation and when respective stimulus positions were attended vs. unattended. Strikingly, unique patterns of effects on pulse- and flicker driven SSRs indicated that spatial attention and audiovisual synchrony facilitated early visual processing in parallel and via different cortical processes. We found attention effects to resemble the classical top-down gain effect facilitating both, flicker and pulse-driven SSRs. Audio-visual synchrony, in turn, only amplified synchrony-producing stimulus aspects (i.e. pulse-driven SSRs) possibly highlighting the role of temporally co-occurring sights and sounds in bottom-up multisensory integration.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.08.022
Rights: Accepted refereed manuscript of: Covic A, Keitel C, Porcu E, Schröger E & Müller MM (2017) Audio-visual synchrony and spatial attention enhance processing of dynamic visual stimulation independently and in parallel: A frequency-tagging study. NeuroImage, 161, pp. 32-42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2017.08.022 © 2019, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Licence URL(s): http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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