Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/29935
Appears in Collections:Computing Science and Mathematics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The importance of fisheries and aquaculture production for nutrition and food security
Author(s): Norman, Rachel
Crumlish, Mags
Stetkiewicz, Stacia
Contact Email: rachel.norman@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Aquatic food
finfish
crustacea
food security
nutrition security, fisheries
aquaculture
Issue Date: Sep-2019
Citation: Norman R, Crumlish M & Stetkiewicz S (2019) The importance of fisheries and aquaculture production for nutrition and food security. Revue Scientifique et Technique - Office International des Epizooties, 38 (2), pp. 395-407. https://doi.org/10.20506/rst.38.2.2994
Abstract: Aquatic food has a significant role to play in global nutrition and food security but is often ignored in that debate. Understanding its potential role is made difficult by the fact that aquatic food covers a large number of species which come from both capture fisheries and aquaculture and the marine and freshwater environments, including finfish, crustacea, molluscs, echinoderms, aquatic plants and other aquatic animals. Further complications arise from the fact that both supply and consumption vary significantly between countries. There are several criteria which need to be considered when discussing nutrition and food security. These include: how much food is produced, whether that production is sustainable, whether the production supports livelihoods, what the nutritional content of the food is and whether that food is safe. The authors conclude that there are many benefits to aquatic food under each of these criteria but there are also some hurdles which need to be overcome. Increased production to feed a growing global population relies on the growth of aquaculture. Limitations to such growth include the supply of raw ingredients for aquafeeds, losses due to disease outbreaks, being able to ensure high standards of food safety and overcoming environmental limitations to expansion. There are also problems with welfare conditions for people working in the supply chain which need to be addressed. Given the challenges to nutrition and food security which the world is currently facing, it is essential that aquatic food is brought into the debate and the significant benefits that aquatic foods provide are acknowledged and exploited.
DOI Link: 10.20506/rst.38.2.2994
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. Norman R.A., Crumlish M. & Stetkiewicz S. (2019). – The importance of fisheries and aquaculture production for nutrition and food security. In The role of aquatic animal health in food security (I. Ernst & E. Peeler, eds). Rev. Sci. Tech. Off. Int. Epiz., 38 (2), pp. 395-407. doi: 10.20506/rst.38.1.2994.

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