Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/29344
Appears in Collections:Computing Science and Mathematics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Boundary perturbations and steady states of structured populations
Author(s): Calsina, Angel
Farkas, Jozsef Zoltan
Contact Email: jozsef.farkas@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: spectral theory of positive operators
boundary perturbations
structured populations
Issue Date: Dec-2019
Citation: Calsina A & Farkas JZ (2019) Boundary perturbations and steady states of structured populations. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - Series B, 24 (12), pp. 6675-6691. https://doi.org/10.3934/dcdsb.2019162
Abstract: In this work we establish conditions which guarantee the existence of (strictly) positive steady states of a nonlinear structured population model. In our framework, the steady state formulation amounts to recasting the nonlinear problem as a family of eigenvalue problems, combined with a fixed point problem. Amongst other things, our formulation requires us to control the growth behaviour of the spectral bound of a family of linear operators along positive rays. For the specific class of model we consider here this presents a considerable challenge. We are going to show that the spectral bound of the family of operators, arising from the steady state formulation, can be controlled by perturbations in the domain of the generators (only). These new boundary perturbation results are particularly important for models exhibiting fertility controlled dynamics. As an important by-product of the application of the boundary perturbation results we employ here, we recover (using a recent theorem by H. R. Thieme) the familiar net reproduction number (or function) for models with single state at birth, which include for example the classic McKendrick (linear) and Gurtin-McCamy (non-linear) age-structured models.
DOI Link: 10.3934/dcdsb.2019162
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - Series B following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Calsina A & Farkas JZ (2019) Boundary perturbations and steady states of structured populations. Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - Series B, 24 (12), pp. 6675-6691. is available online at: https://doi.org/10.3934/dcdsb.2019162

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