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dc.contributor.authorBrown, Charityen_UK
dc.contributor.authorPortch, Emmaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorSkelton, Faye Cen_UK
dc.contributor.authorFodarella, Cristinaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorKuivaniemi-Smith, Heidien_UK
dc.contributor.authorHerold, Kateen_UK
dc.contributor.authorHancock, Peter J Ben_UK
dc.contributor.authorFrowd, Charlie Den_UK
dc.description.abstractWitnesses may construct a composite face of a perpetrator using a computerised interface. Police practitioners guide witnesses through this unusual process, the goal being to produce an identifiable image. However, any changes a perpetrator makes to their external facial-features may interfere with this process. In Experiment 1, participants constructed a composite using a holistic interface one day after target encoding. Target faces were unaltered, or had altered external-features: (i) changed hair, (ii) external-features removed or (iii) naturally-concealed external-features (hair, ears, face-shape occluded by a hooded top). These manipulations produced composites with more error-prone internal-features: participants’ familiar with a target’s unaltered appearance less often provided a correct name. Experiment 2 applied external-feature alterations to composites of unaltered targets; although whole-face composites contained less error-prone internal-features, identification was impaired. Experiment 3 replicated negative effects of changing target hair on construction and tested a practical solution: selectively concealing hair and eyes improved identification.en_UK
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen_UK
dc.relationBrown C, Portch E, Skelton FC, Fodarella C, Kuivaniemi-Smith H, Herold K, Hancock PJB & Frowd CD (2019) The impact of external facial features on the construction of facial composites. Ergonomics, 62 (4), pp. 575-592.
dc.rightsThis item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in Ergonomics on 04 Feb 2019, available online:
dc.subjectfacial compositeen_UK
dc.subjectaltered external-features, hairen_UK
dc.subjectholistic face processingen_UK
dc.titleThe impact of external facial features on the construction of facial compositesen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[Brown et al ERGONOMICS-2018-0305 Accepted.pdf] Publisher requires embargo of 12 months after formal publication.en_UK
dc.type.statusAM - Accepted Manuscripten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Leedsen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBournemouth Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationEdinburgh Napier Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Central Lancashireen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Central Lancashireen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Central Lancashireen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Central Lancashireen_UK
dc.description.refREF Compliant by Deposit in Stirling's Repositoryen_UK
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles

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