|Appears in Collections:||Aquaculture Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Thoughts for the Future of Aquaculture Nutrition: Realigning Perspectives to Reflect Contemporary Issues Related to Judicious Use of Marine Resources in Aquafeeds|
|Author(s):||Turchini, Giovanni M|
Trushenski, Jesse T
Glencross, Brett D
|Citation:||Turchini GM, Trushenski JT & Glencross BD (2019) Thoughts for the Future of Aquaculture Nutrition: Realigning Perspectives to Reflect Contemporary Issues Related to Judicious Use of Marine Resources in Aquafeeds. North American Journal of Aquaculture, 81 (1), pp. 13-39. https://doi.org/10.1002/naaq.10067|
|Abstract:||In recent decades, aquaculture nutrition research has made major strides in identifying alternatives to the use of traditional marine‐origin resources. Feed manufacturers worldwide have used this information to replace increasing amounts of fish meal and fish oil in aquafeeds. However, reliance on marine resources remains an ongoing constraint, and the progress yielded by continued unidimensional research into alternative raw materials is becoming increasingly marginal. Feed formulation is not an exercise in identifying "substitutes" or "alternatives" but rather is a process of identifying different combinations of "complementary" raw materials—including fish meal, fish oil, and others—that collectively meet established nutrient requirements and other criteria for the aquafeed in question. Nutrient‐based formulation is the day‐to‐day reality of formulating industrially compounded aquafeeds, but this approach is less formally and explicitly addressed in aquaculture research and training programs. Here, we (re)introduce these topics and explore the reasons that marine‐origin ingredients have long been considered the "gold standards" of aquafeed formulation. We highlight a number of ways in which this approach is flawed and constrains innovation before delving into the need to assess raw materials based on their influence on aquafeed manufacturing techniques. We conclude with a brief commentary regarding the future funding and research landscape. Incremental progress may continue through the accumulation of small insights, but a more holistic research strategy—aligned with industry needs and focused on nutrient composition and ingredient complementarity—is what will spur future advancement in aquaculture nutrition.|
|Rights:||This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Turchini, G. M., Trushenski, J. T. and Glencross, B. D. (2019), Thoughts for the Future of Aquaculture Nutrition: Realigning Perspectives to Reflect Contemporary Issues Related to Judicious Use of Marine Resources in Aquafeeds. North Am J Aquaculture, 81: 13-39, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/naaq.10067. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.|
|Notes:||This article also appears in: World Fisheries Day|
|Alternative_Complementary_NAJA_1_rev2.pdf||Fulltext - Accepted Version||581.03 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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