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Appears in Collections:Marketing and Retail Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Passing the Panda Standard: A TAD Off the Mark?
Author(s): Belton, Ben
Murray, Francis
Young, James
Telfer, Trevor
Little, David C
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Keywords: Aquaculture
environmental impacts
Environmental impact analysis
Aquaculture Africa
Issue Date: Feb-2010
Date Deposited: 3-Mar-2011
Citation: Belton B, Murray F, Young J, Telfer T & Little DC (2010) Passing the Panda Standard: A TAD Off the Mark?. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 39 (1), pp. 2-13.;
Abstract: Tilapia, a tropical freshwater fish native to Africa, is an increasingly important global food commodity. The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), a major environmental nongovernmental organization, has established stakeholder dialogues to formulate farm certification standards that promote ‘‘responsible’’ culture practices. As a preface to its ‘‘tilapia aquaculture dialogue,’’ the WWF for Nature commissioned a review of potential certification issues, later published as a peer-reviewed article. This article contends that both the review and the draft certification standards subsequently developed fail to adequately integrate critical factors governing the relative sustainability of tilapia production and thereby miss more significant issues related to resource-use efficiency and the appropriation of ecosystem space and services. This raises a distinct possibility that subsequent certification will promote intensive systems of tilapia production that are far less ecologically benign than existing widely practiced semiintensive alternatives. Given the likely future significance of this emergent standard, it is contended that a more holistic approach to certification is essential.
DOI Link: 10.1007/s13280-009-0009-4
Rights: Published in AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment by Springer / Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.; The original publication is available at

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