Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/27133
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Interactive versus Passive Distraction and Parent Psychoeducation as pain management techniques during paediatric venepuncture – A Randomized Controlled Trial (Forthcoming/Available Online)
Author(s): Newell, Anna
Keane, Jennifer
McGuire, Brian
Heary, Caroline
McDarby, Vincent
Dudley, Bernie
Moran, Josh
Francis, Kady
Caes, Line
Contact Email: line.caes@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Venepuncture
Distraction
Parent Psychoeducation
Pain
Distress
Issue Date: 10-May-2018
Citation: Newell A, Keane J, McGuire B, Heary C, McDarby V, Dudley B, Moran J, Francis K & Caes L (2018) Interactive versus Passive Distraction and Parent Psychoeducation as pain management techniques during paediatric venepuncture – A Randomized Controlled Trial (Forthcoming/Available Online), Clinical Journal of Pain. https://doi.org/10.1097/AJP.0000000000000628.
Abstract: Objectives The aim of this research was twofold: to explore 1) the efficacy of active vs. passive distraction on self-reported pain and distress of children during a venepuncture; and 2) the impact ofparental psychoeducation on child and parent outcomes, parental knowledge of distraction procedures and parental engagement in effective pain management strategies.  Methods This cross-sectional study included 213 children scheduled for a venepuncture, and one of their parents, who were randomly allocated to one of four conditions; interactive distraction, passive distraction, interactive distraction with parent psychoeducation and passive distraction with parent psychoeducation. ANCOVA’s were used to investigate the impact of distraction type and the use of parent psychoeducation on child and parent pain related outcome variables.  Results Statistical analyses revealed no significant differences between groups for child-reported pain and distress. Parents who received parent psychoeducation had a significantly higher level of knowledge than parents who did not receive psychoeducation, but did not engage in more effective pain management behaviour.  Conclusions The results indicated that passive vs. active distraction does not have a significantly different influence on child pain-related outcome variables. In addition, while psychoeducation was demonstrated to be effective in increasing parental knowledge, it was not sufficient to change parental behaviour.
DOI Link: 10.1097/AJP.0000000000000628
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document accepted for publication in Journal of Pain by Wolters Kluwer. This version is available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC) licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/legalcode). The published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1097/AJP.0000000000000628

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