|Appears in Collections:||Aquaculture Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Urinary proteomics in obstructive sleep apnoea and obesity|
|Author(s):||Seetho, Ian W|
Parker, Robert J
Hardy, Kevin J
Burniston, Jatin G
Wilding, John P H
obstructive sleep apnoea
|Citation:||Seetho IW, Siwy J, Albalat A, Mullen W, Mischak H, Parker RJ, Craig S, Duffy N, Hardy KJ, Burniston JG & Wilding JPH (2014) Urinary proteomics in obstructive sleep apnoea and obesity, European Journal of Clinical Investigation, 44 (11), pp. 1104-1115.|
|Abstract:||Background: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a common complication of obesity and can have a substantial negative impact on a patient's quality of life and risk of cardiovascular disease. The aim of this case-control study was to undertake discovery profiling of urinary peptides using capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry (CE-MS) in obese subjects with and without OSA, without a history of coronary artery disease. Materials and methods: Urinary samples were analysed by CE-MS. Body composition and blood pressure measurements were recorded. Overnight polysomnography was conducted to confirm or refute OSA. OSA patients were naïve to continuous positive airway pressure treatment. Results: Sixty-one subjects with OSA (age 47 ± 9 years, BMI 43 ± 8 kg/m2) and 31 controls (age 49 ± 10 years, BMI 40 ± 5 kg/m2) were studied; P = ns for age and BMI. Apnoea-hypopnoea Index was higher in patients with OSA (24 ± 18·6) than controls without OSA (non-OSA) (2·6 ± 1·1; P < 0·0001). Metabolic syndrome was present in 35 (57%) of those with OSA compared with 4 (13%) of controls (P < 0·0001). Twenty-four polypeptides were candidates for differential distribution (P < 0·01), although these differences did not reach significance after multiple testing. Sequences were determined for eight peptides demonstrating origins from collagens and fibrinogen alpha. Conclusions: In this study, we report for the first time, urinary proteomic profile analyses using CE-MS in OSA and non-OSA obese groups. The differences in urinary proteomic profiles prior to adjustment for multiple testing, with increased metabolic syndrome in obese OSA subjects, suggest that there may be a role for CE-MS in characterising urinary profiles in severely obese populations with OSA. © 2014 Stichting European Society for Clinical Investigation Journal Foundation.|
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