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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The stroke ‘Act FAST’ campaign: Remembered but not understood?
Author(s): Dombrowski, Stephan U
White, Martin
Mackintosh, Joan E
Gellert, Paul
Araujo-Soares, Vera
Thomson, Richard G
Rodgers, Helen
Ford, Gary A
Sniehotta, Falko F
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Keywords: acute stroke therapy
Issue Date: Apr-2015
Date Deposited: 26-Aug-2015
Citation: Dombrowski SU, White M, Mackintosh JE, Gellert P, Araujo-Soares V, Thomson RG, Rodgers H, Ford GA & Sniehotta FF (2015) The stroke ‘Act FAST’ campaign: Remembered but not understood?. International Journal of Stroke, 10 (3), pp. 324-330.
Abstract: Background: The stroke awareness raising campaign ‘Act FAST' (Face, Arms, Speech: Time to call Emergency Medical Services) has been rolled out in multiple waves in England, but impact on stroke recognition and response remains unclear. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test whether providing knowledge of the FAST acronym through a standard Act FAST campaign leaflet increases accurate recognition and response in stroke-based scenario measures. Methods: This is a population-based, cross-sectional survey of adults in Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, sampled using the electoral register, with individuals randomized to receive a questionnaire and Act FAST leaflet (n = 2500) or a questionnaire only (n = 2500) in 2012. Campaign message retention, stroke recognition, and response measured through 16 scenario-based vignettes were assessed. Data were analyzed in 2013. Results: Questionnaire return rate was 32·3% (n = 1615). No differences were found between the leaflet and no-leaflet groups in return rate or demographics. Participants who received a leaflet showed better campaign recall (75·7% vs. 68·2%, P = 0·003) and recalled more FAST mnemonic elements (66·1% vs. 45·3% elements named correctly, P < 0·001). However, there were no between-group differences for stroke recognition and response to stroke-based scenarios (P > 0·05). Conclusions: Despite greater levels of recall of specific ‘Act FAST' elements among those receiving the Act FAST leaflet, there was no impact on stroke recognition and response measures.
DOI Link: 10.1111/ijs.12353
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. 1 This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Dombrowski SU, White M, Mackintosh JE, Gellert P, Araujo-Soares V, Thomson RG, Rodgers H, Ford GA & Sniehotta FF (2015) The stroke ‘Act FAST’ campaign: Remembered but not understood?, International Journal of Stroke, 10 (3), pp. 324-330., which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

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