|Appears in Collections:||Psychology Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Dissociating state and item components of recognition memory using fMRI|
Petersen, Steve E
Ollinger, John M
|Citation:||Donaldson D, Petersen SE, Ollinger JM & Buckner R (2001) Dissociating state and item components of recognition memory using fMRI, NeuroImage, 13 (1), pp. 129- 142.|
|Abstract:||Cognitive functions such as memory retrieval involve a combination of state- and item-related processes. State-related processes are sustained throughout a task (e.g., "retrieval mode" associated with ongoing goals), whereas item-related processes are transient and allied to individual stimuli (e.g., "retrieval success" associated with the recovery of information from memory). The present study employed a mixed "blocked and event-related" experimental design to identify neural mechanisms that support state- and item-related processes during a recognition memory task. Subjects alternated between blocks of fixation and recognition memory (discriminating between old and new words). Critically, event-related procedures were embedded within the recognition blocks, including the jittering of sequential trials. This design ensures that the temporal profiles of state- and item-related activity differ and consequently renders them separable; without this procedure item-related activity would summate to produce a state-like response. Results suggest three classes of brain region support recognition memory, exhibiting: (1) predominantly transient activity (including regions in medial parietal, lateral parietal, and anterior left frontal cortex) reflecting item-related processing associated with "retrieval success," (2) predominantly sustained activity (including decreased activity in bilateral parahippocampal cortex) reflecting state-related processing associated with "retrieval mode," (3) concurrent sustained and transient activity (including regions in left middle frontal gyrus, bilateral frontal operculum, and medial frontal gyrus), reflecting a combination of state- and item-related processing. The present findings support the idea that recognition memory tasks are dependent upon a combination of state- and item-related processes that have dissociable neural correlates identifiable using fMRI. Moreover, the mixed "blocked and event-related" design employed here provides a general procedure for separating state- and item-related processes.|
|Rights:||The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.|
|donaldson_NeuroImage_2001.pdf||1.56 MB||Adobe PDF||Under Embargo until 31/12/2999 Request a copy|
Note: If any of the files in this item are currently embargoed, you can request a copy directly from the author by clicking the padlock icon above. However, this facility is dependant on the depositor still being contactable at their original email address.
This item is protected by original copyright
Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.