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dc.contributor.authorMigaud, Herveen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCowan, Mairien_UK
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Johnen_UK
dc.contributor.authorFerguson, Hughen_UK
dc.description.abstractMetal halide lights are currently used as standard in commercial Atlantic salmon sea cages as a means of enhancing productivity through grilse inhibition. However, such systems create bright point light sources that are neither environment specific nor species specific and could potentially compromise fish welfare. Light emitting diodes (LEDs) are a new form of lighting technology currently being developed for the fish farming industry that can be tuned to environment and species sensitivities through narrow bandwidth outputs. However, prior to implementing these new high energy alternatives, any potential adverse effects must be determined in fish. The objectives of this study were thus (1) to determine the effect of increasing intensities of blue LED light (0.199-2.7 W m- 2, at 0.1 m from the light source) on light perception and stress response, and (2) to examine potential retinal damage under these conditions in post-smolt Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. A white LED light was also tested, as well as a very high intensity metal halide positive control. Results demonstrated firstly that salmon perceived blue LED light (basal melatonin levels maintained) irrespective of intensity. Secondly, fish exposed to high intensity blue LED light showed an increase in plasma cortisol and glucose levels within 3 h, returning to a basal state 24 h post-light onset. This typical acute stress response was not observed in fish exposed to the white LED light and lower blue light intensities which could indicate differential sensitivities to spectral content of the light. No effects on the non-specific immune system (lysozyme activity) were observed. Finally, extensive histological examination of the retina from fish exposed to these various light treatments revealed no signs of damage. This demonstrates the efficiency of the adaptive mechanisms to light developed in fish.en_UK
dc.relationMigaud H, Cowan M, Taylor J & Ferguson H (2007) The effect of spectral composition and light intensity on melatonin, stress and retinal damage in post-smolt Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. Aquaculture, 270 (1-4), pp. 390-404.
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dc.subjectSalmo salaren_UK
dc.subjectArtificial lighten_UK
dc.subjectRetina damageen_UK
dc.subjectAtlantic salmonen_UK
dc.subjectFishes Qualityen_UK
dc.subjectSalmon fisheries Scotland Managementen_UK
dc.titleThe effect of spectral composition and light intensity on melatonin, stress and retinal damage in post-smolt Atlantic salmon, Salmo salaren_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[migaudcowanetal_aquaculture_2007.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute of Aquacultureen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute of Aquacultureen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute of Aquacultureen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorMigaud, Herve|0000-0002-5404-7512en_UK
local.rioxx.authorCowan, Mairi|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorTaylor, John|0000-0003-4370-7922en_UK
local.rioxx.authorFerguson, Hugh|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles

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