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dc.contributor.authorMathews, Fionaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMacdonald, Daviden_UK
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, G Michaelen_UK
dc.contributor.authorGelling, Merrylen_UK
dc.contributor.authorNorman, Rachelen_UK
dc.contributor.authorHoness, Paulen_UK
dc.contributor.authorFoster, Rebeccaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorGower, Charlotte Men_UK
dc.contributor.authorVarley, Susanen_UK
dc.contributor.authorHarris, Audreyen_UK
dc.contributor.authorPalmer, Simonetteen_UK
dc.contributor.authorHewinson, Glynen_UK
dc.contributor.authorWebster, Joanne Pen_UK
dc.description.abstractBovine tuberculosis (bTB) is an important disease of cattle and an emerging infectious disease of humans. Cow- and badger-based control strategies have failed to eradicate bTB from the British cattle herd, and the incidence is rising by about 18% per year. The annual cost to taxpayers in Britain is currently £74 million. Research has focused on the badger as a potential bTB reservoir, with little attention being paid to other mammals common on farmland. We have conducted a systematic survey of wild mammals (n=4393 individuals) present on dairy farms to explore the role of species other than badgers in the epidemiology of bTB. Cultures were prepared from 10 397 samples (primarily faeces, urine and tracheal aspirates). One of the 1307 bank voles (Clethrionomys glareolus) live-sampled, and three of the 43 badgers (Meles meles), yielded positive isolates of Mycobacterium bovis. This is the first time the bacterium has been isolated from the bank vole. The strain type was the same as that found in cattle and badgers on the same farm. However, our work indicates that the mean prevalence of infectious individuals among common farmland wildlife is extremely low (the upper 95% confidence interval is ≤2.0 for all of the abundant species). Mathematical models illustrate that it is highly unlikely the disease could be maintained at such low levels. Our results suggest that these animals are relatively unimportant as reservoirs of bTB, having insufficient withinspecies (or within-group) transmission to sustain the infection, though occasional spill-overs from cattle or badgers may occur.en_UK
dc.publisherThe Royal Societyen_UK
dc.relationMathews F, Macdonald D, Taylor GM, Gelling M, Norman R, Honess P, Foster R, Gower CM, Varley S, Harris A, Palmer S, Hewinson G & Webster JP (2006) Bovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) in British farmland wildlife: the importance to agriculture. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 273 (1584), pp. 357-365.;
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.subjectbovine tuberculosisen_UK
dc.subjectMycobacterium bovisen_UK
dc.subjectmycobacterium microtien_UK
dc.titleBovine tuberculosis (Mycobacterium bovis) in British farmland wildlife: the importance to agricultureen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[357.full.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciencesen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Oxforden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Oxforden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationImperial College Londonen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Oxforden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Oxforden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Oxforden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Oxforden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Oxforden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationDepartment for Environment Food & Rural Affairs (DEFRA)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationVeterinary Laboratories Agencyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationVeterinary Laboratories Agencyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Oxforden_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorMathews, Fiona|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorMacdonald, David|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorTaylor, G Michael|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorGelling, Merryl|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorNorman, Rachel|0000-0002-7398-6064en_UK
local.rioxx.authorHoness, Paul|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorFoster, Rebecca|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorGower, Charlotte M|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorVarley, Susan|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorHarris, Audrey|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorPalmer, Simonette|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorHewinson, Glyn|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorWebster, Joanne P|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
Appears in Collections:Computing Science and Mathematics Journal Articles

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