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dc.contributor.authorDaly, Michaelen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDelaney, Liamen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDoran, Peteren_UK
dc.contributor.authorMacLachlan, Malcolmen_UK
dc.description.abstractPeople often feel unhappy in the morning but better later in the day, and this pattern may be amplified in the distressed. Past work suggests that one function of cortisol is to energize people in the morning. In a study of 174 students, we tested to see whether daily affect patterns, psychological distress, and awakening cortisol levels were interlinked. Affect levels were assessed using the Day Reconstruction Method and psychological distress was measured using the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales. On average, positive affect increased markedly in a linear pattern across the day, whereas negative affect decreased linearly. For the highly distressed, this pattern was stronger for positive affect. Lower than average morning cortisol, as assessed by two saliva samples at waking and two samples 30 min after waking, predicted a clear increasing pattern of positive affect throughout the day. When we examined the interlinkages between affect patterns, distress, and cortisol, our results showed that a pronounced linear increase in positive affect from morning through to evening occurred chiefly among distressed people with below average cortisol levels upon awakening. Psychological distress, although not strongly associated with morning cortisol levels, does appear to interact with cortisol levels to profoundly influence affect.en_UK
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Associationen_UK
dc.relationDaly M, Delaney L, Doran P & MacLachlan M (2011) The Role of Awakening Cortisol and Psychological Distress in Diurnal Variations in Affect: A Day Reconstruction Study. Emotion, 11 (3), pp. 524-532.
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.subjectPsychological distressen_UK
dc.subjectPositive affecten_UK
dc.subjectDiurnal variationen_UK
dc.subjectDay reconstruction methoden_UK
dc.titleThe Role of Awakening Cortisol and Psychological Distress in Diurnal Variations in Affect: A Day Reconstruction Studyen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[Delaney_2011_The_Role_of_Awakening_Cortisol.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationSocio-Management - LEGACYen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity College Dublin (UCD)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationTrinity College, Dublinen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorDaly, Michael|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorDelaney, Liam|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorDoran, Peter|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorMacLachlan, Malcolm|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
Appears in Collections:Economics Journal Articles

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