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Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Fuel resource utilisation in landscapes of settlement
Author(s): Simpson, Ian
Vésteinsson, Orri
Adderley, W Paul
McGovern, Thomas H
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Keywords: Traditional fuel use
Settlement landscapes
Thin section micromorphology
Image analyses
Historical ecology
North Atlantic region
Excavations (Archaeology) Iceland
Iceland Colonization History Sources
Soil micromorphology
Issue Date: Nov-2003
Date Deposited: 3-Mar-2009
Citation: Simpson I, Vésteinsson O, Adderley WP & McGovern TH (2003) Fuel resource utilisation in landscapes of settlement. Journal of Archaeological Science, 30 (11), pp. 1401-1420.;
Abstract: One little understood aspect of the settlement and colonisation of Iceland is fuel resource use. In this paper we identify fuel ash residues from temporally constrained middens at two contrasting settlement age sites in Mývatnssveit, northern Iceland, one high status, the other low status and ultimately abandoned. Fuel residues derived from experimental combustion of historically defined fuel resources are used to provide control for thin section micromorphology and complementary image analyses of fuel residue materials found in the midden deposits. The results suggest that fuel resources utilised at the time of settlement were for both low temperature and high temperature use, and included a mix of birch and willow wood, peat, mineral-based turf and cow dung. There are, however, marked variations in the mix of fuel resources utilised at the two sites. This is considered to reflect social regulation of fuel resources and socially driven changes to local and regional environments that may have contributed to the success or failure of early settlement sites in Iceland.
DOI Link: 10.1016/S0305-4403(03)00035-9
Rights: Published in Journal of Archaeological Science by Elsevier.

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