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dc.contributor.authorWilson, Clareen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDavidson, Donalden_UK
dc.contributor.authorCresser, Malcolm Sen_UK
dc.description.abstractMulti-element soil analysis is an established technique in archaeology, but there has been little work to understand the processes and loadings involved. The abandoned farm (croft) of Olligarth, Shetland provided the opportunity of validating the technique by sampling from known contexts. The results showed multi-element soil analysis could accurately differentiate between areas of known function. Accuracy was increased using samples from the floor layers rather than topsoils. The elements that produced the best discriminant model of function were P, Ca, Cr, V, Fe, Nd, Ti, Pb, Al, and Yb. However because of cross-correlation between elements, Cu, Zn, Sr, Ba, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, Co, Ni, and the rare earth elements, were also important potential discriminators. Of these P, Ca, Zn, Sr, Pb, Cu, Ba, Na, K, and Nd correlated positively with soil CEC and organic matter content and may, in part, originate from fuel materials, plasters, dung and bone. Ti, Cr, Al and many rare earth elements were influenced by local geological variation and are of less interest archaeologically.en_UK
dc.publisherSocietà Toscana di Scienze Naturalien_UK
dc.relationWilson C, Davidson D & Cresser MS (2007) Evaluating the use of multi-element soil analysis in archaeology: a study of a postmedieval croft (Olligarth) in Shetland. Atti della Societa Toscana di Scienze Naturali - Memorie serie A, 112, pp. 69-79.
dc.rightsAlso available for free at publisher site Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali:
dc.subjectMulti-element analysisen_UK
dc.subjectArchaeological geologyen_UK
dc.subjectSoil science in archaeology Scotlanden_UK
dc.subjectSoils Analysisen_UK
dc.titleEvaluating the use of multi-element soil analysis in archaeology: a study of a postmedieval croft (Olligarth) in Shetlanden_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleAtti della Societa Toscana di Scienze Naturali - Memorie serie Aen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Yorken_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorWilson, Clare|0000-0002-0287-8576en_UK
local.rioxx.authorDavidson, Donald|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorCresser, Malcolm S|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
local.rioxx.filename08 Wilson et al.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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