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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: A comparison of working memory skills and learning in children with developmental coordination disorder and moderate learning difficulties
Author(s): Alloway, Tracy Packiam
Temple, Kathryn Joanne
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Keywords: Working memory
Learning difficulties
Developmental coordination disorder
Short-term memory
Memory in children
Children with perceptual disabilities
Learning disabled children
Issue Date: May-2007
Date Deposited: 11-Feb-2009
Citation: Alloway TP & Temple KJ (2007) A comparison of working memory skills and learning in children with developmental coordination disorder and moderate learning difficulties. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 21 (4), pp. 473-487.
Abstract: The present study compared 6–11 years old with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and those with moderate learning difficulties (MLD) on measures of memory (verbal short-term and working memory, visuo-spatial short-term and working memory), literacy and numeracy, and IQ. The findings indicate that children with DCD appear to be impaired in all four areas of memory function; in particular they performed at significantly lower levels than children with MLD in measures of verbal short-term memory, visuo-spatial short-term and working memory. In contrast, performance of children with MLD in the memory measures was within age-expected levels, with deficits observed only in verbal working memory tasks. There were also differential links between memory and attainment between the two groups, and these were significant even after statistically accounting for the contribution of IQ. Reasons for why working memory contributes to learning in these two developmental groups are discussed.
DOI Link: 10.1002/acp.1284
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