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dc.contributor.authorHerrelko, Elizabeth-
dc.contributor.authorVick, Sarah-Jane-
dc.contributor.authorBuchanan-Smith, Hannah M-
dc.description.abstractWe monitored chimpanzee welfare during the introduction of on-exhibit cognitive research training and testing, as measured by behavior and interest in such training, and related individual variation to personality assessments. We observed 11 chimpanzees (six males; five females) over a 16-month period and compared their behavior across three conditions: (1) Baseline (nontraining/research situations) and (2) an on-going, off-exhibit program of Husbandry Training and (3) Research Pod Activities, on-exhibit, group training for cognitive testing. There was considerable individual variation in their interest levels during research sessions; females and those scoring higher for Openness were present more frequently (including those who actively participated and those who observed others participating), but interest did not vary in relation to rates of self-directed behaviors (SDBs), rank, or the level of social disruptions within the group (i.e. large-scale displays or fights). The frequency of SDBs was predicted by the Neuroticism personality factor, but did not differ across baseline and training contexts, indicating that these activities do not negatively impact welfare. We also explored vigilance as an indicator of social uncertainty, but social monitoring did not differ in relation to either social context or rank. Finally, we explored how the specific characteristics of the research context impacted on SDBs; namely, social context, reward contingency, and visual access to keepers. SDBs increased only when visual access to keepers was restricted, suggesting that visual contact reduced uncertainty in novel training contexts. Overall, the introduction of a cognitive research program did not compromise welfare, and the chimpanzees' repeated interest and willingness to participate suggests that the research was enriching.en_UK
dc.relationHerrelko E, Vick S & Buchanan-Smith HM (2012) Cognitive Research in Zoo-Housed Chimpanzees: Influence of Personality and Impact on Welfare, American Journal of Primatology, 74 (9), pp. 828-840.-
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.-
dc.subjectself-directed behavioren_UK
dc.subject.lcshChimpanzees Behavior Captive wild animals Animal welfare-
dc.titleCognitive Research in Zoo-Housed Chimpanzees: Influence of Personality and Impact on Welfareen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreasonThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.-
dc.citation.jtitleAmerican Journal of Primatology-
dc.type.statusPublisher version (final published refereed version)-
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles

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