|Appears in Collections:||Aquaculture Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Production of eicosanoids derived from 20:4n-6 and 20:5n-3 in primary cultures of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) brain astrocytes in response to platelet activating factor, substance P and interleukin-1 beta|
|Author(s):||Tocher, Douglas R|
Bell, J Gordon
Sargent, John R
polyunsaturated fatty acids
|Citation:||Tocher DR, Bell JG & Sargent JR (1996) Production of eicosanoids derived from 20:4n-6 and 20:5n-3 in primary cultures of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) brain astrocytes in response to platelet activating factor, substance P and interleukin-1 beta, Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 115 (2), pp. 215-222.|
|Abstract:||Primary cultures of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) brain astroglial cells established in medium containing fetal bovine serum contain increased proportions of 18:1(n-9), total (n-9) and (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and greatly reduced (n-3) PUFA in comparison with turbot brain. Supplementation with a mixture of 5 μM eicosapentaenoic [20:5(n-3)] and 25 μM docosahexaenoic [22:6(n-3)] acids for 4 days significantly inreased the percentages of these acids in total cellular lipid of turbot astrocytes and restored the (n-3) PUFA composition of the cells to that found in turbot brain. The production of prostaglandins (PG) E and F of the 2- and 3-series and leukotrienes (LT) C4 and C5 in response to various agonists was determined in PUFA-supplemented astrocytes. Calcium ionophore A23187, platelet activating factor and substance P stimulated the production of both PGF and PGE. Interleukin-lβ significantly stimulated the production of PGF only. There were differences between the agonists in their effects on the relative levels of 2- and 3-series PGs produced. Only very low amounts of LTC were produced by the turbot astrocytes, with only substance P showing a minor stimulatory effect.|
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