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dc.contributor.authorWhite, Peteren_UK
dc.contributor.authorNorman, Rachelen_UK
dc.contributor.authorTrout, Roger Cen_UK
dc.contributor.authorGould, Ernieen_UK
dc.contributor.authorHudson, Peter Jen_UK
dc.description.abstractRabbit haemorrhagic disease virus emerged in China in 1984, and has killed hundreds of millions of wild rabbits in Australia and Europe. In the UK there appears to be an endemic non-pathogenic strain, with high levels of seroprevalence being recorded, in the absence of associated mortality. Using a seasonal, age-structured model we examine the hypothesis that differences in rabbit population demography differentially affect the basic reproductive rates (R0) of the pathogenic and non-pathogenic strains, leading to each dominating in some populations and not others. The strain with the higher R0 excluded the other, with the dynamics depending upon the ratio of the two R0 values. When the non-pathogenic strain dominated, the pathogenic strain caused only transient mortality, although this could be significant when the two R0 values were similar. When the pathogenic strain dominated, repeated epidemics led to host eradication. Seroprevalence data suggest that the non-pathogenic strain may be protecting some, but not all UK populations, with half being 'at risk' from invasion by the pathogenic strain and a fifth prone to significant transient mortality. We identify key questions for empirical research to test this prediction.en_UK
dc.publisherThe Royal Societyen_UK
dc.relationWhite P, Norman R, Trout RC, Gould E & Hudson PJ (2001) The emergence of rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus: will a non-pathogenic strain protect the UK?. Philosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciences, 356 (1411), pp. 1087-1095.;
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.subjectrabbit haemorrhagic disease virusen_UK
dc.subjectnon-pathogenic strainen_UK
dc.subjectstrain competitionen_UK
dc.subjectmathematical modelen_UK
dc.subjectpopulation dynamicsen_UK
dc.titleThe emergence of rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus: will a non-pathogenic strain protect the UK?en_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[whiteetal.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitlePhilosophical Transactions B: Biological Sciencesen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Stirlingen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationRabbitwise Consultancyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationCentre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Stirlingen_UK
Appears in Collections:Computing Science and Mathematics Journal Articles

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