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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Evolving the face of a criminal: how to search a face space more effectively
Author(s): Frowd, Charlie D
Bruce, Vicki
Pitchford, Melanie
Gannon, Carol
Robinson, Mark
Tredoux, Colin
Park, Joanne
McIntyre, Alex H
Hancock, Peter J B
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Keywords: Face generation
Face perception
Genetic Algorithms
Issue Date: Jan-2011
Date Deposited: 9-Aug-2012
Citation: Frowd CD, Bruce V, Pitchford M, Gannon C, Robinson M, Tredoux C, Park J, McIntyre AH & Hancock PJB (2011) Evolving the face of a criminal: how to search a face space more effectively. Soft Computing, 15 (1), pp. 61-70.
Abstract: Witnesses and victims of serious crime are often required to construct a facial composite, a visual likeness of a suspect’s face. The traditional method is for them to select individual facial features to build a face, but often these images are of poor quality. We have developed a new method whereby witnesses repeatedly select instances from an array of complete faces and a composite is evolved over time by searching a face model built using PCA. While past research suggests that the new approach is superior, performance is far from ideal. In the current research, face models are built which match a witness’s description of a target. It is found that such 'tailored' models promote better quality composites, presumably due to a more effective search, and also that smaller models may be even better. The work has implications for researchers who are using statistical modelling techniques for recognising faces.
DOI Link: 10.1007/s00500-009-0518-x
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