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Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Pathogenicity of Vibrio harveyi to salmonids
Author(s): Zhang, Xiao-Hua
Austin, Brian
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Issue Date: Mar-2000
Date Deposited: 6-Aug-2012
Citation: Zhang X & Austin B (2000) Pathogenicity of Vibrio harveyi to salmonids. Journal of Fish Diseases, 23 (2), pp. 93-102.
Abstract: Out of 19 Vibrio harveyi isolates obtained from a diversity of hosts and geographical locations, 14 were pathogenic to rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), and Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., with mortalities of up to 100% following intraperitoneal injections of 106 cells fish−1. The extracellular products (ECPs) of only five pathogenic isolates were harmful to fish. Both pathogenic and non-pathogenic cultures produced ECPs containing caseinase, gelatinase, phospholipase, lipase and haemolysins. Vibrio harveyi VIB 645, which was the most pathogenic isolate, produced ECPs with a maximal effect on salmonids from preparations obtained by using cellophane overlays on tryptone soya agar supplemented with 1% (w/v) sodium chloride with incubation at 28 °C for 24 h. This preparation contained the highest titre of haemolytic activity to Atlantic salmon (1:256) and rainbow trout (1:32) erythrocytes.
DOI Link: 10.1046/j.1365-2761.2000.00214.x
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