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Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The lesser wanderer butterfly, Danaus petilia (Stoll 1790) stat. rev. (Lepidoptera: Danainae), reinstated as a species
Author(s): Lushai, Gugs
Zalucki, Myron P
Smith, David A S
Goulson, Dave
Daniels, Greg
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Keywords: allozymes
biological species concept
Danaus chrysippus
Danaus petilia
mitochondrial DNA
phylogenetic species concept
Issue Date: Feb-2005
Date Deposited: 3-Aug-2012
Citation: Lushai G, Zalucki MP, Smith DAS, Goulson D & Daniels G (2005) The lesser wanderer butterfly, Danaus petilia (Stoll 1790) stat. rev. (Lepidoptera: Danainae), reinstated as a species. Australian Journal of Entomology, 44 (1), pp. 6-14.
Abstract: The lesser wanderer butterfly, Danaus (Anosia) chrysippus petilia (Stoll) (Lepidoptera: Danainae), has been treated as a subspecies for the last 100 years. New mitochondrial DNA sequence data for D. petilia, in conjunction with allozyme, structural, morphometric and pattern characters, constitute a compelling case for its specific rank. The holotype of D. petilia has never been located and, as the type location is uncertain, a neotype is designated. Fresh material was collected and examined for this project. Danaus petilia and D. chrysippus have been separated at Lydekker's Line for an estimated 1.1 million years, and they remain interfertile. However, as an allopatric taxon, diagnosable from D. chrysippus, D. petilia merits specific status under the phylogenetic species concept. The following pairs of D. chrysippus subspecies are considered to be synonyms, the first member of each pair having priority: chrysippus + aegyptius (subspecies), klugii + infumata (hybrid phenotypes) and orientis +liboria (subspecies).
DOI Link: 10.1111/j.1440-6055.2005.00423.x
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