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Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Use of garlic, Allium sativum, to control Aeromonas hydrophila infection in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum)
Author(s): Nya, Elijah Jacob
Austin, Brian
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Keywords: Aeromonas hydrophila
Allium sativum
non-specific immune response
rainbow trout
Issue Date: Nov-2009
Date Deposited: 6-Aug-2012
Citation: Nya EJ & Austin B (2009) Use of garlic, Allium sativum, to control Aeromonas hydrophila infection in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum). Journal of Fish Diseases, 32 (11), pp. 963-970.
Abstract: Garlic, Allium sativum, which was fed at 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.5 and 1.0 g per 100 g of feed for 14 days to rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), led to control of experimental infection with Aeromonas hydrophila. At doses of 0.5 and 1.0 g garlic per 100 g of feed, there was a reduction in mortalities to 4% compared with the controls (88%). Moreover, there was a significant increase in growth, feed conversion and protein efficiency. There was stimulation of the number of erythrocytes and leucocytes, a significantly higher haematocrit, enhancement of phagocytic activity, respiratory burst, lysozyme, anti-protease and bactericidal activities following feeding with garlic.
DOI Link: 10.1111/j.1365-2761.2009.01100.x
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