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dc.contributor.authorGoulson, Dave-
dc.contributor.authorSangster, Elizabeth L-
dc.contributor.authorYoung, Jill C-
dc.description.abstract1. Male bumblebees are known to exhibit a range of mate-location behaviours, including perching on prominent objects and darting at passing queens, patrolling of scent-marked flight routes, and waiting outside nest entrances for virgin queens to emerge. Here we provide evidence for a fourth strategy, known as hilltopping. This behaviour is widely known from a range of invertebrates, but has not previously been described in bumblebees. 2. We studied the distribution of bumblebees along transects ascending four hills in Scotland and demonstrate that, relative to workers, males of four bumblebee species or species groups (Bombus lapidarius, B. monticola, B. pascuorum, and B. lucorum/magnus/cryptarum/terrestris) tend to congregate at or near the tops of hills. This is, to our knowledge, the first evidence for hilltopping in bumblebees and the first record of any putative mate-locating behaviour for male B. pascuorum, a very common species in Europe. 3. We note that, in common with most previous studies of mate-locating behaviour in bumblebees, attraction of virgin queens and mating were not observed.en_UK
dc.relationGoulson D, Sangster EL & Young JC (2011) Evidence for hilltopping in bumblebees?, Ecological Entomology, 36 (5), pp. 560-563.-
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.-
dc.subjectmale aggregationen_UK
dc.subjectmate locationen_UK
dc.subjectvertical stratificationen_UK
dc.titleEvidence for hilltopping in bumblebees?en_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreasonThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.-
dc.citation.jtitleEcological Entomology-
dc.type.statusPublisher version (final published refereed version)-
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciences-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Stirling-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Stirling-
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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