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dc.contributor.authorCarvell, Claireen_UK
dc.contributor.authorRoy, David Ben_UK
dc.contributor.authorSmart, Simon Men_UK
dc.contributor.authorPywell, Richard Fen_UK
dc.contributor.authorPreston, Chris Den_UK
dc.contributor.authorGoulson, Daveen_UK
dc.description.abstractWe assessed national scale changes in the forage plants of bumblebees in Britain, as a means of providing quantitative evidence for the likely principal cause of declines in bumblebee species. We quantified the relative value of native and long-established plant species as forage (nectar and pollen) resources for bumblebees by collating visitation data from 14 field sites across Britain. Twentieth Century changes in range and frequency of these forage plants were assessed using data from the New Atlas of the British and Irish Flora (1930–1969 to 1987–1999) and the Countryside Surveys of Britain (1978–1998). Forage plants declined in both large-scale range and local-scale frequency between the two survey periods. These changes were of greater magnitude than changes in other native plant species, reflecting serious reductions in quality of foraging habitats for bees as well as a general decline in insect-pollinated plants. Seventy-six percent of forage plants declined in frequency within 1-km squares, including those (e.g. Trifolium pratense) of particular value for threatened bumblebee species. We consider how our findings relate to other recorded changes in the British flora, how they may help to explain declines in bumblebees and how they could contribute to a conservation strategy.en_UK
dc.relationCarvell C, Roy DB, Smart SM, Pywell RF, Preston CD & Goulson D (2006) Declines in forage availability for bumblebees at a national scale. Biological Conservation, 132 (4), pp. 481-489.
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.subjectforage plantsen_UK
dc.subjecthabitat qualityen_UK
dc.titleDeclines in forage availability for bumblebees at a national scaleen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[goulson_declinesinforageavailability_2006.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleBiological Conservationen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationCentre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationCentre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationCentre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationCentre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationCentre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorCarvell, Claire|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorRoy, David B|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorSmart, Simon M|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorPywell, Richard F|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorPreston, Chris D|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorGoulson, Dave|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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