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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/7196

Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Identification of a zebrafish model of muscular dystrophy
Author(s): Bassett, D
Currie, Peter D
Contact Email: d.i.bassett@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Dystrophin
Muscle
Muscular dystrophy
Mutant
Zebrafish
Issue Date: Aug-2004
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: Bassett D & Currie PD (2004) Identification of a zebrafish model of muscular dystrophy, Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology, 31 (8), pp. 537-540.
Abstract: Large-scale mutagenic screens of the zebrafish genome have identified a number of different classes of mutations that disrupt skeletal muscle formation. Of particular interest and relevance to human health is a class of recessive lethal mutations in which muscle differentiation occurs normally, but is followed by tissue-specific degeneration reminiscent of human muscular dystrophies. 2. We have shown that one member of this class of mutations, sapje (sap), results from mutations within the zebrafish orthologue of the human Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) gene. Mutations in this locus cause Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophies in human patients and are thought to result in a dystrophic pathology by disrupting the link between the actin cytoskeleton and the extracellular matrix in skeletal muscle cells. 3. We have found that the progressive muscle degeneration phenotype of sapje-mutant zebrafish embryos is caused by the failure of somitic muscle attachments at the embryonic myotendinous junction (MTJ). 4. Although a role for dystrophin at the MTJ has been postulated previously and MTJ structural abnormalities have been identified in the dystrophin-deficient mdx mouse model, in vivo evidence of pathology based on muscle attachment failure is thus far lacking. Therefore, the sapjre mutation may provide a model for a novel pathological mechanism of Duchenne muscular dystrophy and other muscle diseases. In the present review, we discuss this finding in light of previously postulated models of dystrophin function.
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/7196
URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1440-1681.2004.04030.x/abstract
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1681.2004.04030.x
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Affiliation: Aquaculture (Machrihanish)
Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute

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