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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Predicting hopelessness: the interaction between optimism/pessimism and specific future expectancies
Author(s): O'Connor, Rory
Cassidy, Clare
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Keywords: Optimism
Future thinking
Issue Date: Apr-2007
Citation: O'Connor R & Cassidy C (2007) Predicting hopelessness: the interaction between optimism/pessimism and specific future expectancies, Cognition and Emotion, 21 (3), pp. 596-613.
Abstract: Improving our understanding of hopelessness is central to suicide prevention. This is the first study to investigate whether generalized expectancies for the future (optimism/pessimism) and specific future-oriented cognitions (future thinking) interact to predict hopelessness and dysphoria. To this end, participants completed measures of future thinking, optimism/pessimism and affect at Time 1 and measures of affect and stress at Time 2, 10-12 weeks later. Results indicated that changes in hopelessness but not dysphoria were predicted by the interaction between positive future thinking (but not negative future thinking), optimism/pessimism and stress beyond initial levels of hopelessness and dysphoria. Additional moderating analyses are also reported. These findings point to the fruits of integrating personality and cognitive processes, to better understand hopelessness.
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Rights: Published in Cognition and Emotion by Taylor & Francis.

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