|Appears in Collections:||Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Cryptic bumblebee species: consequences for conservation and the trade in greenhouse pollinators|
|Author(s):||Williams, Paul H|
Brown, Mark J F
Carolan, James C
|Citation:||Williams PH, An J, Brown MJF, Carolan JC, Goulson D, Huang J & Ito M (2012) Cryptic bumblebee species: consequences for conservation and the trade in greenhouse pollinators, PLoS ONE, 7 (3), p. e32992.|
|Abstract:||Commercial greenhouse growers in both Japan and China are increasingly using reared orange-tailed bumblebees known previously as Bombus hypocrita Pérez as pollinators. Phylogenetic analysis of the DNA (COI) barcodes with Bayesian methods shows that this "species" is a long-standing confusion of two cryptic species. We find that the orange-tailed bumblebees in North China are actually part of the widespread Russian (otherwise white-tailed) B. patagiatus Nylander (as B. patagiatus ganjsuensis Skorikov, n. comb.), whereas the orange-tailed bees in Japan are true B. hypocrita. This situation has been further complicated because two other cryptic species from North China that were previously confused with the Russian B. patagiatus are now recognised as separate: B. lantschouensis Vogt n. stat. and B. minshanensis Bischoff n. stat.. As demand for pollination services by greenhouse growers inevitably increases, these bees are more likely to be transported between countries. In order to conserve genetic resources of pollinator species for their option value for future food security, we advocate preventing trade and movement of B. patagiatus from China into Japan and of B. hypocrita from Japan into China.|
|Rights:||Publisher is open-access. Open access publishing allows free access to and distribution of published articles where the author retains copyright of their work by employing a Creative Commons attribution licence. Proper attribution of authorship and correct citation details should be given.|
|williamsetal_crypticbumbleespecies_2012.pdf||942.93 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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