University of Stirling    STORRE: Stirling Online Research Repository University Circle Images   Research Led, Student Focused  
 

STORRE >
School of Natural Sciences >
Biological and Environmental Sciences >
Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/624

Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Soils and palaeo-climate based evidence for irrigation requirements in Norse Greenland
Author(s): Adderley, W Paul
Simpson, Ian
Keywords: Brattahlí
Landná
Home-field
Guelph Permeameter
Issue Date: Dec-2006
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Adderley WP & Simpson I (2006) Soils and palaeo-climate based evidence for irrigation requirements in Norse Greenland, Journal of Archaeological Science, 33 (12), pp. 1666-1679.
Abstract: Establishing and sustaining agricultural production was a key factor in the success of Norse settlements during the landnám colonisation across the North Atlantic. In light of the occurrence of channel features in several abandoned home-field areas of the Norse Eastern Settlement of Greenland, and the irrigation requirements of present-day Greenlandic sheep-farmers questions are raised: was irrigation used by the Norse settlers of Greenland on their home- field areas? and, if so, how frequently? Modelling of soil chemical, physical and soil-water hydraulic properties integrated with contemporary high-resolution climatic data demonstrate a frequent requirement for irrigation. Soil moisture deficits are related to the duration and intensity of winter temperature. Using the winter Dye 3 ice core δ18O record as a climatic proxy, the frequency of moisture deficits, based on comparing mean winter temperatures, indicates that there was a frequent irrigation requirement to maintain home-field productivity, increasing throughout the period of settlement until the 14th Centur
Type: Journal Article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/624
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2006.02.014
Rights: Published by Elsevier
Affiliation: Biological and Environmental Sciences
Biological and Environmental Sciences

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
simpson-greenland_irrig.pdf761.21 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


This item is protected by original copyright

Recommend this item

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact library@stir.ac.uk providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.

 

Valid XHTML 1.0! Repository Service Operated by Information Services, University of Stirling
Powered by DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2010  Duraspace - Feedback