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dc.contributor.authorThomson, Amanda M-
dc.contributor.authorSimpson, Ian-
dc.description.abstractDefining historic grazing pressures and rangeland management is vital if early landscape threshold crossing and long–term trajectories of landscape change are to be properly understood. In this paper we use a new environmental simulation model, Búmodel, to assess two contrasting historical grazing landscapes in Mývatnssveit Iceland for two key periods—the colonization period (ca. Landnám, A.D. 872–1000) and the early eighteenth century A.D. Results suggest that there were spatial and temporal variations in productivity and grazing pressure within and between historic grazing areas and indicate that land degradation was not an inevitable consequence of the livestock grazing introduced with settlement. The results also demonstrate the significance of grazing and livestock management strategies in preventing overgrazing, particularly under cooler climatic conditions. The model enables detailed consideration of historic grazing management scenarios and their associated landscape pressures.en_UK
dc.publisherSpringer Verlag-
dc.relationThomson AM & Simpson I (2007) Modeling Historic Rangeland Management and Grazing Pressures in Landscapes of Settlement, Human Ecology, 35 (2), pp. 151-168.-
dc.rightsPublished by Springer Verlag. The original publication is available at
dc.subjecthistorical ecologyen_UK
dc.subjectagro-ecosystem modelingen_UK
dc.subjectrangeland managementen_UK
dc.titleModeling Historic Rangeland Management and Grazing Pressures in Landscapes of Settlementen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleHuman Ecology-
dc.type.statusPost-print (author final draft post-refereeing)-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Stirling-
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciences-
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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