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Appears in Collections:Economics Working Papers
Peer Review Status: Unrefereed
Title: Economic determinants of biodiversity change over a 400 year period in the Scottish uplands
Author(s): Hanley, Nicholas
Davies, Althea
Angelopoulos, Konstantinos
Hamilton, Alastair
Ross, Alasdair
Tinch, Dugald
Watson, Fiona
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Citation: Hanley N, Davies A, Angelopoulos K, Hamilton A, Ross A, Tinch D & Watson F (2008) Economic determinants of biodiversity change over a 400 year period in the Scottish uplands. Stirling Economics Discussion Paper, 2008-01.
Keywords: economic factors
grazing pressures
historical studies
interdisciplinary studies
panel data models
pollen analysis
palynological richness
JEL Code(s): C50: Econometric Modeling: General
N50: Economic History: Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment, and Extractive Industries: General, International, or Comparative
Q20: Renewable Resources and Conservation: General
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2008
Date Deposited: 14-Nov-2008
Series/Report no.: Stirling Economics Discussion Paper, 2008-01
Abstract: This study shows how data from very different disciplines can be combined to address questions relevant to contemporary conservation and understanding. This novel, interdisciplinary approach provides new insights into the role of economic factors as a driver of biodiversity loss in the uplands. Biodiversity levels have varied considerably over 400 years, partly as a function of land management, suggesting that establishing baselines or “natural” target levels for biodiversity is likely to be problematic. Changes in livestock grazing pressures brought about by changes in prices had statistically significant effects on estimated plant diversity, as did land abandonment. This suggests that longterm management of upland areas for the conservation of diversity should focus on grazing pressures as a key policy attribute. Another policy implication is that drastic cuts in grazing pressures – such as might occur under current reforms of the Common Agricultural Policy - can have adverse biodiversity consequences.
Type: Working Paper
Affiliation: Economics
University of Stirling
University of Glasgow
Landcatch Natural Selection Ltd
University of Stirling

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