Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Full metadata record
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorChiyo, Patricken_UK
dc.contributor.authorArchie, Elizabeth Aen_UK
dc.contributor.authorHollister-Smith, Julie Aen_UK
dc.contributor.authorLee, Phyllis Cen_UK
dc.contributor.authorPoole, Joyce Hen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMoss, Cynthia Jen_UK
dc.contributor.authorAlberts, Susan Cen_UK
dc.description.abstractStrong social bonds are uncommon among male mammals. In many mammals, however, males form all male groups, providing opportunities for maleemale bonds to emerge. We examined association patterns of male African elephants, Loxodonta africana, in all-male groups and assessed the influence of age and genetic relatedness on these associations. We also examined the influence of age and genetic relatedness on the choice of sparring partners in male elephants. Males had many weak and random associations and few valuable relationships. Male associations were positively correlated with genetic relatedness, suggesting that kinship influences patterns of male associations. Male associations were negatively correlated with age disparity, and males were more likely to spar with other males closer in age to themselves. These results suggest that males associate with other males of similar age in part because sparring may facilitate the development and maintenance of motor and psychological responses to sudden and unexpected events that occur during play; this may help prepare males for male-emale competition. We also found that older males had high centrality and strength in social networks, suggesting that older males influence the cohesion of male social groups. Consequently, the elimination of older males from elephant populations by poachers or trophy hunters could negatively affect social cohesion in male elephant groups. Finally, we found that age and genetic relatedness were not significantly correlated, suggesting that male associations based on age and relatedness did not overlap. These findings highlight the complexity of male social relationships in all-male groups.en_UK
dc.publisherElsevier Massonen_UK
dc.relationChiyo P, Archie EA, Hollister-Smith JA, Lee PC, Poole JH, Moss CJ & Alberts SC (2011) Association patterns of African elephants in all-male groups: the role of age and genetic relatedness. Animal Behaviour, 81 (6), pp. 1093-1099.
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author; you can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.subjectmale networksen_UK
dc.subjectAfrican elephants Behavioren_UK
dc.subjectAfrican elephants Ecologyen_UK
dc.titleAssociation patterns of African elephants in all-male groups: the role of age and genetic relatednessen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[Chiyo et al 2011 animal behaviour.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleAnimal Behaviouren_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationDuke Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Notre Dameen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationOregon National Primate Research Center, USAen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationAmboseli Trust for Elephantsen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationAmboseli Trust for Elephantsen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationDuke Universityen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorChiyo, Patrick|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorArchie, Elizabeth A|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorHollister-Smith, Julie A|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorLee, Phyllis C|0000-0002-4296-3513en_UK
local.rioxx.authorPoole, Joyce H|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorMoss, Cynthia J|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorAlberts, Susan C|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectInternal Project|University of Stirling|
local.rioxx.filenameChiyo et al 2011 animal behaviour.pdfen_UK
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Chiyo et al 2011 animal behaviour.pdfFulltext - Published Version262.84 kBAdobe PDFUnder Permanent Embargo    Request a copy

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

The metadata of the records in the Repository are available under the CC0 public domain dedication: No Rights Reserved

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.