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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Fission-Fusion Dynamics in Southern Muriquis (Brachyteles arachnoides) in Continuous Brazilian Atlantic Forest
Author(s): Coles, Rebecca C
Lee, Phyllis C
Talebi, Mauricio G
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Keywords: Brachyteles
group cohesion
party composition
party size
Atlantic forest
Muriquis Behavior
Animal societies
Issue Date: Feb-2012
Date Deposited: 16-Mar-2012
Citation: Coles RC, Lee PC & Talebi MG (2012) Fission-Fusion Dynamics in Southern Muriquis (Brachyteles arachnoides) in Continuous Brazilian Atlantic Forest. International Journal of Primatology, 33 (1), pp. 93-114.
Abstract: Fission-fusion social dynamics, the spatiotemporal variance in subunit size, composition, and cohesion, are the subject of considerable interest owing to their complex nature and widespread appearance in the primate order. We here aim to describe the nature of fission-fusion dynamics in a population of egalitarian southern muriquis inhabiting a relatively undisturbed extension of mildly seasonal Brazilian Atlantic forest to provide insights into the functions of fission-fusion dynamics and to examine the constraints on and opportunities for associations among individuals. We collected instantaneous scan samples and ad libitum data over a total of 13 mo in 2 yr (1599 observation hours) on subunit size at 2 spatiotemporal scales (party and nomadic party), party composition, spatial cohesion, and the behavioral context of fission-fusion events. These southern muriquis exhibited high levels of fission-fusion with significant variation in party size, cohesion, and composition. The group was weakly cohesive with a small mean party size (3.74 adults, 5.32 all individuals) and nomadic party size (13.73 adults, 19.38 all individuals). Mixed parties were the most frequently observed party type,although the high frequency of all-male parties suggests strong relationships based on philopatry and a mating strategy under scramble competition. We compare fission-fusion dynamics across populations of Brachyteles and highlight the strikingcontinuum of these dynamics in the genus. We make interspecific comparisons with Ateles and Pan, with well documented high levels of fission-fusion, and demonstrate interspecific variation and convergence in grouping patterns.
DOI Link: 10.1007/s10764-011-9555-2
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