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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Development of gaze aversion as disengagement from visual information
Author(s): Doherty-Sneddon, Gwyneth
Bruce, Vicki
Bonner, Lesley
Longbotham, Sarah
Doyle, Caroline
Keywords: Gaze aversion
Child development
Problem solving
Gaze (Psychology)
Problem solving in children
Issue Date: May-2002
Citation: Doherty-Sneddon G, Bruce V, Bonner L, Longbotham S & Doyle C (2002) Development of gaze aversion as disengagement from visual information, Developmental Psychology, 38 (3), pp. 438-445.
Abstract: Older children, but not younger children, were found to look away more from the face of an interlocutor when answering difficult as opposed to easy questions. Similar results were found in earlier work with adults, who often avert their gaze during cognitively difficult tasks (A.M. Glenberg, J.L. Schroeder, & D.A. Robertson, 1998). Twenty-five 8-year-olds and 26 5-year-olds answered verbal reasoning and arithmetic questions of varying difficulty. The older children increased gaze aversion from the face of the adult questioner in response to both difficult verbal reasoning questions and difficult arithmetic questions. In contrast, younger children (5-year-olds) responded less consistently to cognitive difficulty. It is concluded that adultlike patterns of gaze aversion in response to cognitive difficulty are certainly acquired by 8 years of age. The implications of appropriate gaze aversion for children’s management of cognitive resources are considered.
DOI Link: 10.1037/0012-1649.38.3.438
Rights: Published in Developmental Psychology. Copyright: American Psychological Association

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