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Appears in Collections:Economics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Dispositional and situational attributions for why the rich live longer than the poor
Author(s): Bridger, Emma K.
Tufte‐Hewett, Angela
Comerford, David A.
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Keywords: Social Psychology
Issue Date: Jun-2023
Date Deposited: 21-Mar-2024
Citation: Bridger EK, Tufte‐Hewett A & Comerford DA (2023) Dispositional and situational attributions for why the rich live longer than the poor. <i>Journal of Applied Social Psychology</i>, 53 (6), pp. 469-481.
Abstract: Despite considerable focus on predictors of attitudes towards economic inequality, there is less psychological research into attitudes towards other unequal outcomes between the rich and poor, including differences in health and life expectancy. Two studies examine whether causal attributions for these socioeconomic health inequalities predict attitudes towards them. A cross-sectional study of 332 UK and US respondents showed that most respondents indicate a preference for some degree of income inequality but no life expectancy inequality between the richest and poorest in society. These preferences for equal life expectancy for the rich and poor were significantly less likely for respondents who viewed health inequalities to be caused by dispositional factors (e.g., self-control, ability or effort). In a second pre-registered cross-sectional study (n = 602), dispositional attributions negatively predicted self-reported concern about health inequality, whilst endorsing situational attributions (e.g., discrimination and prejudice, wages) was positively associated with concerns on this issue. Moreover, situational attributions positively predicted support for six policy proposals for reducing health inequality, while dispositional attributions were associated with increased support for some of these interventions and decreased support for others. Despite very distinct distribution preferences for income and life expectancy outcomes, causal attributions continue to predict attitudes towards health inequality and associated policy interventions.
DOI Link: 10.1111/jasp.12955
Rights: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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