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Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Plastic pollution as a novel reservoir for the environmental survival of the drug resistant fungal pathogen Candida auris
Author(s): Akinbobola, Ayorinde
Kean, Ryan
Quilliam, Richard S.
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Keywords: Anti-fungal drug resistance
Beach sand
Environmental pathogens
Human exposure
Bathing water quality
Issue Date: Jan-2024
Date Deposited: 20-Jan-2024
Citation: Akinbobola A, Kean R & Quilliam RS (2024) Plastic pollution as a novel reservoir for the environmental survival of the drug resistant fungal pathogen Candida auris. <i>Marine Pollution Bulletin</i>, 198, Art. No.: 115841.
Abstract: The WHO recently classified Candida auris as a fungal pathogen of “critical concern”. Evidence suggests that C. auris emerged from the natural environment, yet the ability of this pathogenic yeast to survive in the natural environment is still poorly understood. The aim of this study, therefore, was to quantify the persistence of C. auris in simulated environmental matrices and explore the role of plastic pollution for facilitating survival and potential transfer of C. auris. Multi-drug resistant strains of C. auris persisted for over 30 days in river water or seawater, either planktonically, or in biofilms colonising high-density polyethylene (HDPE) or glass. C. auris could be transferred from plastic beads onto simulated beach sand, particularly when the sand was wet. Importantly, all C. auris cells recovered from plastics retained their pathogenicity; therefore, plastic pollution could play a significant role in the widescale environmental dissemination of this recently emerged pathogen.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2023.115841
Rights: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons CC-BY license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. You are not required to obtain permission to reuse this article. To request permission for a type of use not listed, please contact Elsevier Global Rights Department.
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