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dc.contributor.authorElsy, Alexander Den_UK
dc.contributor.authorPfeifer, Marionen_UK
dc.contributor.authorJones, Isabel Len_UK
dc.contributor.authorDeWalt, Saara Jen_UK
dc.contributor.authorLopez, Omar Ren_UK
dc.contributor.authorDent, Daisy Hen_UK
dc.description.abstractDetermining how fully tropical forests regenerating on abandoned land recover characteristics of old-growth forests is increasingly important for understanding their role in conserving rare species and maintaining ecosystem services. Despite this, our understanding of forest structure and community composition recovery throughout succession is incomplete, as many tropical chronosequences do not extend beyond the first 50 years of succession. Here, we examined trajectories of forest recovery across eight 1-hectare plots in middle and later stages of forest succession (40–120 years) and five 1-hectare old-growth plots, in the Barro Colorado Nature Monument (BCNM), Panama. We first verified that forest age had a greater effect than edaphic or topographic variation on forest structure, diversity and composition and then corroborated results from smaller plots censused 20 years previously. Tree species diversity (but not species richness) and forest structure had fully recovered to old-growth levels by 40 and 90 years, respectively. However, rare species were missing, and old-growth specialists were in low abundance, in the mid- and late secondary forest plots, leading to incomplete recovery of species composition even by 120 years into succession. We also found evidence that dominance early in succession by a long-lived pioneer led to altered forest structure and delayed recovery of species diversity and composition well past a century after land abandonment. Our results illustrate the critical importance of old-growth and old secondary forests for biodiversity conservation, given that recovery of community composition may take several centuries, particularly when a long-lived pioneer dominates in early succession.en_UK
dc.relationElsy AD, Pfeifer M, Jones IL, DeWalt SJ, Lopez OR & Dent DH (2023) Incomplete recovery of tree community composition and rare species after 120 years of tropical forest succession in Panama. <i>Biotropica</i>.
dc.rights© 2023 The Authors. Biotropica published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en_UK
dc.subjectalternate successional pathwaysen_UK
dc.subjectforest structureen_UK
dc.subjectGustavia superbaen_UK
dc.subjectspecies diversityen_UK
dc.titleIncomplete recovery of tree community composition and rare species after 120 years of tropical forest succession in Panamaen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.funderMRC Medical Research Councilen_UK
dc.contributor.funderETH Zurichen_UK
dc.contributor.funderNewcastle Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNewcastle Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationClemson Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationSmithsonian Tropical Research Instituteen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationSmithsonian Tropical Research Instituteen_UK
dc.relation.funderprojectThe Beacon Project: Using Biodiversity and Energy justice to resolve Conflicts between Sustainable Development Goalsen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorElsy, Alexander D|0000-0002-2816-9495en_UK
local.rioxx.authorPfeifer, Marion|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorJones, Isabel L|0000-0002-8361-1370en_UK
local.rioxx.authorDeWalt, Saara J|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorLopez, Omar R|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorDent, Daisy H|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectMR/T019018/1|Medical Research Council|
local.rioxx.filenameBiotropica - 2023 - Elsy - Incomplete recovery of tree community composition and rare species after 120 years of tropical.pdfen_UK
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