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Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Raw water transfers: why a global freshwater invasion pathway has been overlooked
Author(s): Pattison, Zarah
Robertson, Peter
Waine, Ava
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Keywords: Freshwater
Invasion pathways
Environmental engineering
Water resources
Climate change
Issue Date: 23-Sep-2023
Date Deposited: 20-Oct-2023
Citation: Pattison Z, Robertson P & Waine A (2023) Raw water transfers: why a global freshwater invasion pathway has been overlooked. <i>Hydrobiologia</i>.
Abstract: Zhu et al. (Science 380:1230, 2023, recently reported in Science that ‘water diversions’ carry a range of freshwater invasive non-native species (INNS) in China, and make calls for the Chinese government to take actions to monitor this invasion pathway and prevent future spread. This issue is not confined to China however. Water diversions, more commonly known internationally as ‘water transfers’ or ‘raw water transfers’, exist globally in large numbers. Despite worldwide occurrence, this major invasion pathway has received little attention within the field of freshwater ecology or invasion ecology, beyond a limited number of regional studies which offer little context regarding the global nature of the pathway. We discuss the factors contributing to the widespread lack of awareness of this uniquely complex invasion pathway, and emphasise the importance of future collaboration and knowledge sharing in this emerging field. Transdisciplinary research is needed to develop effective management techniques for this invasion pathway and ensure that the threat to global freshwater biodiversity posed by INNS is dealt with comprehensively.
DOI Link: 10.1007/s10750-023-05373-6
Rights: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit
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