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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The importance of face shape masculinity for perceptions of male dominance depends on study design
Author(s): Dong, Junzhi
Leger, Kathlyne
Shiramizu, Victor K.M.
Marcinkowska, Urszula M.
Lee, Anthony J.
Jones, Benedict C.
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Date Deposited: 3-Aug-2023
Citation: Dong J, Leger K, Shiramizu VK, Marcinkowska UM, Lee AJ & Jones BC (2023) The importance of face shape masculinity for perceptions of male dominance depends on study design. <i>Scientific Reports</i>, Art. No.: 13:12620.
Abstract: Dominance perceptions play an important role in social interactions. Although many researchers have proposed that shape masculinity is an important facial cue for dominance perceptions, evidence for this claim has come almost exclusively from studies that assessed perceptions of experimentally manipulated faces using forced- choice paradigms. Consequently, we investigated the role of masculine shape characteristics in perceptions of men’s facial dominance (1) when shape- manipulated stimuli were presented in a forced-choice paradigm and (2) when unmanipulated face images were rated for dominance and shape masculinity was measured from face images. Although we observed large effects of masculinity on dominance perceptions when we used the forced-choice method (Cohen’s ds = 2.51and 3.28), the effect of masculinity on dominance perceptions was considerably smaller when unmanipulated face images were rated and shape masculinity measured from face images (Cohen’s ds = 0.44 and 0.62). This pattern was observed when faces were rated separately for physical dominance, social dominance, and masculinity, and was seen for two different sets of stimuli. Collectively, these results suggest that shape masculinity may not be a particularly important cue for dominance perceptions when faces vary simultaneously on multiple dimensions, as is the case during everyday social interactions.
DOI Link: 10.1038/s41598-023-39912-x
Rights: Open Access Tis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. Te images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit

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