|Appears in Collections:||Accounting and Finance Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Business strategies and corruption in SMEs: The impact of business group affiliation, external auditing and international standardisation certification|
|Author(s):||Changwony, Frederick Kibon|
|Keywords:||business group affiliation|
international standards certification
|Citation:||Changwony F & Kyiu A (2023) Business strategies and corruption in SMEs: The impact of business group affiliation, external auditing and international standardisation certification. <i>Business Strategy and the Environment</i>. https://doi.org/10.1002/bse.3333|
|Abstract:||We examine the impact of three business strategies separately and in combination on the tendency for firms to engage in corruption. Using a sample of 56,827 firm-year observations for Small to Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) over the 2006-2018 period, we find that firms with business group affiliations are more likely to engage in corrupt practices in countries with low business freedom. However, those in countries with high business freedom are less likely to do so. We also find that firms that engage the services of external auditors and adopt international standardization are less likely to be corrupt, especially in countries with weak financial reporting standards. Our results also show that corruption intensity reduces even more for firms that employ the three strategies, whether we consider institutional factors or not. This result holds when we use a three-way interaction term. We conclude that the three strategies are mutually reinforcing, and that firm-level and country-level efforts complement each other in mitigating corruption.|
|Rights:||© 2023 The Authors. Business Strategy and The Environment published by ERP Environment and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.|
|Notes:||Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online|
|Bus Strat Env - 2023 - Changwony - Business strategies and corruption in small___ and medium___sized enterprises The impact of.pdf||Fulltext - Published Version||2.22 MB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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