Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Full metadata record
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorBernardino, Angelo Fen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMazzuco, Ana Carolina Aen_UK
dc.contributor.authorSouza, Fernanda Men_UK
dc.contributor.authorSantos, Thuareag M Ten_UK
dc.contributor.authorSanders, Christian Jen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMassone, Carlos Gen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCosta, Rodolfo Fen_UK
dc.contributor.authorSilva, Antônio Elves Ben_UK
dc.contributor.authorFerreira, Tiago Oen_UK
dc.contributor.authorNóbrega, Gabriel Nen_UK
dc.contributor.authorSilva, Thiago S Fen_UK
dc.contributor.authorKauffman, J. Booneen_UK
dc.description.abstractBoth freshwater floodplain (várzeas and igapós) forests and brackish-saline mangroves are abundant and well-described ecosystems in Brazil.1 However, an interesting and unique wetland forest exists in the Amazon Delta where extensive mangroves occur in essentially freshwater tidal environments. Unlike the floodplain forests found upriver, the hydrology of these ecosystems is driven largely by large macro-tides of 4–8 m coupled with the significant freshwater discharge from the Amazon River. We explored these mangroves on the Amazon Delta (00°52ʹ N to 01°41ʹ N) and found surface water salinity to be consistently <5; soil pore water salinity in these mangrove forests ranged from 0 nearest the Amazon mouth to only 5–11 at the coastal margins to the north (01°41ʹ N, 49°55′ W). We also recorded a unique mix of mangrove-obligate (Avicennia sp., Rhizophora mangle) and facultative-wetland species (Mauritia flexuosa, Pterocarpus sp.) dominating these forests. This unique mix of plant species and soil porewater chemistry exists even along the coastal strands and active coastlines of the Atlantic Ocean. Part of these unique mangroves have escaped current global satellite mapping efforts, and we estimate that they may add over 180 km2 (20% increase in mangrove area) within the Amazon Delta. Despite having a unique structure and function, these freshwater-brackish ecosystems likely provide similar ecosystem services to most mangroves worldwide, such as sequestering large quantities of organic carbon, protection of shoreline ecosystems from erosion, and habitats to many terrestrial and aquatic species (monkeys, birds, crabs, and fish).en_UK
dc.publisherElsevier BVen_UK
dc.relationBernardino AF, Mazzuco ACA, Souza FM, Santos TMT, Sanders CJ, Massone CG, Costa RF, Silva AEB, Ferreira TO, Nóbrega GN, Silva TSF & Kauffman JB (2022) The novel mangrove environment and composition of the Amazon Delta. <i>Current Biology</i>, 32 (16), pp. 3636-3640.e2.
dc.rightsThis is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons CC-BY license (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. You are not required to obtain permission to reuse this article.en_UK
dc.subjectAmazon Deltaen_UK
dc.subjectblue carbonen_UK
dc.subjectmarine ecologyen_UK
dc.titleThe novel mangrove environment and composition of the Amazon Deltaen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleCurrent Biologyen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.funderNational Geographic Societyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversidade Federal do Espirito Santoen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversidade Federal do Espirito Santoen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversidade Federal do Espirito Santoen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversidade Federal do Espirito Santoen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationSouthern Cross Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationPontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiroen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Sao Pauloen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Sao Pauloen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Sao Pauloen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationFluminense Federal Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationOregon State Universityen_UK
dc.relation.funderprojectThe future of Amazonian flooded forests: how will tree species respond to inundation changes?en_UK
dc.subject.tagClimate Changeen_UK
dc.subject.tagForest and Woodland Ecologyen_UK
dc.subject.tagTropical Ecologyen_UK
rioxxterms.apcnot requireden_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorBernardino, Angelo F|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorMazzuco, Ana Carolina A|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorSouza, Fernanda M|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorSantos, Thuareag M T|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorSanders, Christian J|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorMassone, Carlos G|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorCosta, Rodolfo F|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorSilva, Antônio Elves B|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorFerreira, Tiago O|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorNóbrega, Gabriel N|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorSilva, Thiago S F|0000-0001-8174-0489en_UK
local.rioxx.authorKauffman, J. Boone|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectFA-21-PP029|National Geographic Society|
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
1-s2.0-S0960982222010764-main.pdfFulltext - Published Version1.65 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright

A file in this item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

The metadata of the records in the Repository are available under the CC0 public domain dedication: No Rights Reserved

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.