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dc.contributor.authorvan der Sande, Masha Ten_UK
dc.contributor.authorPowers, Jennifer Sen_UK
dc.contributor.authorKuyper, Thom Wen_UK
dc.contributor.authorNorden, Nataliaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorSalgado-Negret, Beatrizen_UK
dc.contributor.authorSilva de Almeida, Jarcileneen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBongers, Fransen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDelgado, Diegoen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDent, Daisy Hen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDerroire, Géraldineen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMarcos do Espírito Santo, Márioen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDupuy, Juan Men_UK
dc.contributor.authorWilson Fernandes, Geraldoen_UK
dc.contributor.authorJones, Isabel Len_UK
dc.contributor.authorPoorter, Lourensen_UK
dc.description.abstractThe recovery of soil conditions is crucial for successful ecosystem restoration and, hence, for achieving the goals of the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration. Here, we assess how soils resist forest conversion and agricultural land use, and how soils recover during subsequent tropical forest succession on abandoned agricultural fields. Our overarching question is how soil resistance and recovery depend on local conditions such as climate, soil type, and land use history. For 300 plots in 21 sites across the Neotropics, we used a chonosequence approach in which we sampled soils from two depths in old-growth forests, agricultural fields (i.e., crop fields and pastures), and secondary forests that differ in age (1-95 years) since abandonment. We measured six soil properties using a standardized sampling design and lab analyses. Soil resistance strongly depended on local conditions. Croplands and sites on high activity clay (i.e. high fertility) show strong increases in bulk density, and decreases in pH, carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) during deforestation and subsequent agricultural use. Resistance is lower in such sites probably because of a sharp decline in fine root biomass in croplands in the upper soil layers, and a decline in litter input from formerly productive old-growth forest (on high-activity clays). Soil recovery also strongly depended on local conditions. During forest succession, high-activity clays and croplands decreased most strongly in bulk density and increased in C and N, possibly because of strongly compacted soils with low C and N after cropland abandonment, and because of rapid vegetation recovery in high-activity clays leading to greater fine root growth and litter input. Furthermore, sites at low precipitation decreased in pH, whereas sites at high precipitation increased in N and decreased in C:N ratio. Extractable phosphorus (P) did not recover during succession, suggesting increased P limitation as forests age. These results indicate that no single solution exists for effective soil restoration, and that local site conditions should determine the restoration strategies.en_UK
dc.publisherRoyal Society, Theen_UK
dc.relationvan der Sande MT, Powers JS, Kuyper TW, Norden N, Salgado-Negret B, Silva de Almeida J, Bongers F, Delgado D, Dent DH, Derroire G, Marcos do Espírito Santo M, Dupuy JM, Wilson Fernandes G, Jones IL & Poorter L (2023) Soil resistance and recovery during Neotropical forest succession. <i>Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences</i>, 378 (1867), Art. No.: 20210074.
dc.rights© 2022 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.en_UK
dc.subjecttropical foresten_UK
dc.subjectcarbon, pHen_UK
dc.subjectbulk densityen_UK
dc.titleSoil resistance and recovery during Neotropical forest successionen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitlePhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciencesen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.funderMRC Medical Research Councilen_UK
dc.description.notesAdditional co-authors: Bryan Finegan, Mayra E. Gavito, José Luis Hernández-Stefanoni, Catarina C. Jakovac, Maria das Dores Magalhães Veloso, Jorge A. Meave, Francisco Mora, Rodrigo Muñoz, Nathalia Pérez-Cárdenas, Daniel Piotto, Esteban Álvarez-Dávila, Yasmani Caceres-Siani, Coralie Dalban-Pilon, Aurélie Dourdain, Dan V. Du, Daniel García Villalobos, Yule Roberta Ferreira Nunes, Arturo Sanchez-Azofeifaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationWageningen Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Minnesotaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationWageningen Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationInstituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNational University of Colombiaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationFederal University of Pernambucoen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationWageningen Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationThe Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center (CATIE)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationSmithsonian Tropical Research Instituteen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUMR "Ecologie des Forêts de Guyane", French Guianaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversidade Estadual de Montes Clarosen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationCentro de Investigación Científica de Yucatánen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationFederal University of Minas Geraisen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationWageningen Universityen_UK
dc.relation.funderprojectThe Beacon Project: Using Biodiversity and Energy justice to resolve Conflicts between Sustainable Development Goalsen_UK
rioxxterms.apcnot requireden_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorvan der Sande, Masha T|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorPowers, Jennifer S|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorKuyper, Thom W|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorNorden, Natalia|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorSalgado-Negret, Beatriz|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorSilva de Almeida, Jarcilene|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBongers, Frans|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorDelgado, Diego|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorDent, Daisy H|0000-0002-1219-7344en_UK
local.rioxx.authorDerroire, Géraldine|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorMarcos do Espírito Santo, Mário|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorDupuy, Juan M|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorWilson Fernandes, Geraldo|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorJones, Isabel L|0000-0002-8361-1370en_UK
local.rioxx.authorPoorter, Lourens|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectMR/T019018/1|Medical Research Council|
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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