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Appears in Collections:History and Politics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The Survival and Political Participation of a Kuwaiti Shia Movement: The National Islamic Alliance
Author(s): Gulmohamad, Zana
Keywords: Kuwait
political parties
National Islamic Alliance
political groups
Issue Date: 2021
Date Deposited: 11-May-2022
Citation: Gulmohamad Z (2021) The Survival and Political Participation of a Kuwaiti Shia Movement: The National Islamic Alliance. Asian Affairs, 52 (4), pp. 958-983.
Abstract: The National Islamic Alliance (NIA) has evolved as a leading Shia Kuwaiti political group since the 1980s. The NIA participates in electoral politics and Kuwaiti cabinets. While its roots go back to Shia activists in Kuwait, some of whom were linked to Iraq's Islamic Da'wa Party in the end of the 1960s, it is a pragmatic and Kuwaiti nationalist group. The article argues that the NIA shifted from being an active opposition group in the 1990s to a pro-ruling family and government group in 2008. The NIA's transformation was partly a response to the rise of sectarian politics in Kuwait and the opposition's resentment of the NIA's mourning of Imad Mughniyeh, a Lebanese Hezbollah leader. The article includes first-hand and secondary resources, including interviews and the NIA's figures' public statements to unpack the NIA's foundation, structure and changing relationship with the ruling family as well as its political engagement and positions on the Kuwaiti protest movement (2011–2013).
DOI Link: 10.1080/03068374.2021.2011122
Rights: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.
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