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dc.contributor.authorFuentes-Montemayor, Elisaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorGoulson, Daveen_UK
dc.contributor.authorPark, Kirstyen_UK
dc.description.abstractAgricultural intensification is a major cause of biodiversity declines. Agri-environment schemes (AES) have been introduced in many countries as an attempt to counteract the negative effects of intensive agriculture by providing financial incentives for farmers to adopt environmentally-sensitive agricultural practices. We surveyed 18 pairs of AES and conventionally-managed farms in central Scotland (United Kingdom) to evaluate the effects of specific AES management prescriptions (field margins, hedgerows, species-rich grasslands and water margins) on foraging bats and nocturnal insects. In addition, we assessed the importance of habitat in the wider landscape at several spatial scales on foraging bats and their insect prey. Pipistrellus pygmaeus and Pipistrellus pipistrellus were the most commonly recorded species, accounting for 98% of total bat activity levels. Overall levels of bat activity and the abundance of their insect prey (mainly Diptera and Trichoptera) were lower (by 40–50%) on farms participating in AES than on non-participating farms. Differences in insect abundance were also significant when we compared specific AES management prescriptions with equivalent conventionally-managed features. The surrounding landscape influenced bat activity; fragmentation metrics related to woodland configuration were the most important landscape characteristics influencing bat activity levels. However, the two Pipistrelle species responded differently to the surrounding landscape, P. pipistrellus being strongly influenced by the landscape at large scales (e.g. within 2 km of the monitoring site) and P. pygmaeus being most influenced by the landscape at smaller scales (within 500 m of the monitoring site). Insect abundance was positively affected by the percentage cover of semi-natural environment within 500 m of trapping sites. We suggest that the implementation of the four common AES management prescriptions assessed in this study does not benefit Pipistrelle bats nor other bat species foraging on similar prey. Such species may respond more positively to a landscape-scale management approach focused mainly on the creation and management of woodland.en_UK
dc.relationFuentes-Montemayor E, Goulson D & Park K (2011) Pipistrelle bats and their prey do not benefit from four widely applied agri-environment management prescriptions. Biological Conservation, 144 (9), pp. 2233-2246.
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author; you can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.subjectAgricultural intensificationen_UK
dc.subjectConservation managementen_UK
dc.subjectNocturnal insectsen_UK
dc.subjectPipistrellus spp.en_UK
dc.subjectBats Scotland Effects of habitat modification onen_UK
dc.subjectAgriculture Environmental aspects Scotlanden_UK
dc.subjectForest management Scotlanden_UK
dc.titlePipistrelle bats and their prey do not benefit from four widely applied agri-environment management prescriptionsen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[fuentes-montemayor2011b.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleBiological Conservationen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.funderPeople's Trust for Endangered Species / Mammalsen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.relation.funderprojectAssessing the effectiveness of farm woodland creation schemes for batsen_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorFuentes-Montemayor, Elisa|0000-0002-5550-9432en_UK
local.rioxx.authorGoulson, Dave|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorPark, Kirsty|0000-0001-6080-7197en_UK
local.rioxx.project0|People's Trust for Endangered Species / Mammals|en_UK
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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