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dc.contributor.authorSpears, Bryan Men_UK
dc.contributor.authorChapman, Danielen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCarvalho, Laurenceen_UK
dc.contributor.authorRankinen, Katrien_UK
dc.contributor.authorStefanidis, Konstantinosen_UK
dc.contributor.authorIves, Stephenen_UK
dc.contributor.authorVuorio, Kristiinaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBirk, Sebastianen_UK
dc.description.abstractInteractions between stressors in freshwater ecosystems, including those associated with climate change and nutrient enrichment, are currently difficult to detect and manage. Our understanding of the forms and frequency of occurrence of such interactions is limited; assessments using field data have been constrained as a result of varying data forms and quality. To address this issue, we demonstrate a statistical approach capable of assessing multiple stressor interactions using contrasting data forms in 3 European catchments (Loch Leven Catchment, UK: assessment of phytoplankton response in a single lake with time series data; Pinios Catchment, Greece: macroinvertebrate response across multiple rivers using spatial data; and Lepsämänjoki Catchment, Finland: phytoplankton response across multiple rivers using spatiotemporal data). Statistical models were developed to predict the relative and interactive effects of climate change and nutrient enrichment sensitive indicators (stressors) on indicators of ecological quality (ecological responses) within the framework of linear mixed effects models. In all catchments, indicators of nutrient enrichment were identified as the primary stressor, with climate change-sensitive indicators causing secondary effects (Loch Leven: additive, total phosphorus [TP] × precipitation; Pinios: additive, nitrate × dissolved oxygen; Lepsämänjoki: synergistic, TP × summer water temperature), the intensity of which varied between catchments and along the nutrient stressor gradient. Simple stressor change scenarios were constructed for each catchment and used in combination with mechanistic models to explore potential management responses. This approach can be used to explore the need for multiple stressor management in freshwaters, helping practitioners navigate a complex world of environmental change.en_UK
dc.publisherTaylor & Francis (Routledge)en_UK
dc.relationSpears BM, Chapman D, Carvalho L, Rankinen K, Stefanidis K, Ives S, Vuorio K & Birk S (2021) Assessing multiple stressor effects to inform climate change management responses in three European catchments. Inland Waters.
dc.rightsThis item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. This is an Accepted Manuscript version of the following article, accepted for publication in Inland Waters. Spears BM, Chapman D, Carvalho L, Rankinen K, Stefanidis K, Ives S, Vuorio K & Birk S (2021) Assessing multiple stressor effects to inform climate change management responses in three European catchments. Inland Waters. It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en_UK
dc.titleAssessing multiple stressor effects to inform climate change management responses in three European catchmentsen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[Spears_etal_15_07_2020_Man_Clean.pdf] Publisher requires embargo of 12 months after publication.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleInland Watersen_UK
dc.type.statusAM - Accepted Manuscripten_UK
dc.contributor.funderEuropean Commission (Horizon 2020)en_UK
dc.description.notesOutput Status: Forthcoming/Available Onlineen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationCentre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationCentre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationFinnish Environment Institute (SYKE)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNational Technical University of Athensen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationFinnish Environment Institute (SYKE)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Duisburg-Essenen_UK
rioxxterms.apcnot requireden_UK
rioxxterms.typeJournal Article/Reviewen_UK
local.rioxx.authorSpears, Bryan M|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorChapman, Daniel|0000-0003-1836-4112en_UK
local.rioxx.authorCarvalho, Laurence|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorRankinen, Katri|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorStefanidis, Konstantinos|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorIves, Stephen|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorVuorio, Kristiina|en_UK
local.rioxx.authorBirk, Sebastian|en_UK
local.rioxx.projectProject ID unknown|European Commission (Horizon 2020)|en_UK
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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