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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: A Severe Lack of Evidence Limits Effective Conservation of the World's Primates
Author(s): Junker, Jessica
Petrovan, Silviu O
Arroyo-RodrÍguez, Victor
Boonratana, Ramesh
Byler, Dirck
Chapman, Colin A
Chetry, Dilip
Cheyne, Susan M
Cornejo, Fanny M
Cortes-Ortiz, Liliana
Cowlishaw, Guy
Christie, Alec P
Crockford, Catherine
Torre, Stella De La
Williamson, Elizabeth A
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Keywords: General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Issue Date: 26-Aug-2020
Citation: Junker J, Petrovan SO, Arroyo-RodrÍguez V, Boonratana R, Byler D, Chapman CA, Chetry D, Cheyne SM, Cornejo FM, Cortes-Ortiz L, Cowlishaw G, Christie AP, Crockford C, Torre S & Williamson EA (2020) A Severe Lack of Evidence Limits Effective Conservation of the World's Primates. BioScience.
Abstract: Threats to biodiversity are well documented. However, to effectively conserve species and their habitats, we need to know which conservation interventions do (or do not) work. Evidence-based conservation evaluates interventions within a scientific framework. The Conservation Evidence project has summarized thousands of studies testing conservation interventions and compiled these as synopses for various habitats and taxa. In the present article, we analyzed the interventions assessed in the primate synopsis and compared these with other taxa. We found that despite intensive efforts to study primates and the extensive threats they face, less than 1% of primate studies evaluated conservation effectiveness. The studies often lacked quantitative data, failed to undertake postimplementation monitoring of populations or individuals, or implemented several interventions at once. Furthermore, the studies were biased toward specific taxa, geographic regions, and interventions. We describe barriers for testing primate conservation interventions and propose actions to improve the conservation evidence base to protect this endangered and globally important taxon.
DOI Link: 10.1093/biosci/biaa082
Rights: © The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Institute of Biological Sciences. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Notes: Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online Additional co-authors: Fabiano R De Melo, P Fan, Cyril C Grueter, Diana C GuzmÁn-Caro, Eckhard W Heymann, Ilka Herbinger, Minh D Hoang, Robert H Horwich, Tatyana Humle, Rachel A Ikemeh, Inaoyom S Imong, Leandro Jerusalinsky, Steig E Johnson, Peter M Kappeler, Maria CecÍlia M Kierulff, Inza KonÉ, Rebecca Kormos, Khac Q Le, Baoguo Li, Andrew J Marshall, Erik Meijaard, Russel A Mittermeier, Yasuyuki Muroyama, Eleonora Neugebauer, Lisa Orth, Erwin Palacios, Sarah K Papworth, Andrew J Plumptre, Ben M Rawson, Johannes Refisch, Jonah Ratsimbazafy, Christian Roos, Joanna M Setchell, Rebecca K Smith, Tene Sop, Christoph Schwitzer, Kerry Slater, Shirley C Strum, William J Sutherland, MaurÍcio Talebi, Janette Wallis, Serge Wich, Roman M Wittig, Hjalmar S KÜhl
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