Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/31433
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Examining ecological validity in social interaction: problems of visual fidelity, gaze, and social potential
Author(s): Reader, Arran T
Holmes, Nicholas P
Contact Email: arran.reader@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Social interaction
Ecological validity
Gaze
Visual fidelity
Social potential
Two-person
Issue Date: Oct-2016
Citation: Reader AT & Holmes NP (2016) Examining ecological validity in social interaction: problems of visual fidelity, gaze, and social potential. Culture and Brain, 4 (2), pp. 134-146. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40167-016-0041-8
Abstract: Social interaction is an essential part of the human experience, and much work has been done to study it. However, several common approaches to examining social interactions in psychological research may inadvertently either unnaturally constrain the observed behaviour by causing it to deviate from naturalistic performance, or introduce unwanted sources of variance. In particular, these sources are the differences between naturalistic and experimental behaviour that occur from changes in visual fidelity (quality of the observed stimuli), gaze (whether it is controlled for in the stimuli), and social potential (potential for the stimuli to provide actual interaction). We expand on these possible sources of extraneous variance and why they may be important. We review the ways in which experimenters have developed novel designs to remove these sources of extraneous variance. New experimental designs using a ‘two-person’ approach are argued to be one of the most effective ways to develop more ecologically valid measures of social interaction, and we suggest that future work on social interaction should use these designs wherever possible.
DOI Link: 10.1007/s40167-016-0041-8
Rights: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Licence URL(s): http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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